Community Health Advocacy Project – Part 4
Maxine Belser-Gaston, Shannon Jensen, Kimberly Nelson, & Thureiyya Rodriquez NUR/544
September 1, 2014
Dr. Louama Driscoll
Community Health Advocacy Project
The aggregate data can be collected in a variety of ways. To determine national and local statistical data, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services offers a wealth of information. This information is on a national level but can be beneficial when determining the age limit, the ethnicity, and other factors or characteristics associated with teenage childbearing (DHHS, 2014). The local data can be collected from the Department of State Health Services website. The TEDS (Treatment Episode Data Sheet) is an annual national data system that provides public information on the admissions to substance abuse treatment facilities and can be beneficial when determining data on pregnant teens who have been admitted for substance abuse (SAMHSA, 2014). Community Data Collecting
The public health nurse has a vital role in collecting data from the community. There are several different avenues that community data can be collected. When collecting local aggregate data, such as the demographic data, the socioeconomic status, educational status, can be gathered by local city or county audits. This type of data would give specific numbers of pregnant teenager who has received care at government or private practice clinics. Statics alone does not give a comprehensive assessment to teenage pregnancy and drug abuse. Public health nurses go out into the community to do an evaluation. A simple place to start collecting data is by performing a windshield survey assessment. This assessment is completed by walking or driving through a community where the nurse uses all five senses to collect data (Nies & McEwen). The public nurse is observing the layout of the environment and the interaction of the people in the community. The data collected assist the nurse in making hypothesis regarding the health of the community.
To further understand the community, a needs assessment would need to be completed to get the public perspective on health care in the community. This type of assessment is a research-based process of collecting data directly from the aggregate. The data gives a comprehensive view of why the issues are occurring in the neighborhood (Nies & McEwen). Specific to drug abuse and pregnancy, the nurse needs to collect data of the types of drugs, usage duration and frequency, and characteristics of the drug users (Seib, Daglish, Heath, Booker, Reid, & Fraser, 2012). What is a data gap and why should we identify data gaps?
A data gap is when there is not enough of sufficient evidence to support the interventions presented. According to Kusel, Costello, & Hamer, a data gap is the inability to obtain certain information crucial to the scientific study experiment or research project. The larger the percentage, the larger the gap in research, therefore, the lower the amount of effective research in that particular area. Data gaps are done to disclose the effectiveness of the interventions in relation to where one is in the research study as opposed to where one would like to be in the study. Kusel, Costello, & Hamer states that in order to effectively identify a data gap, a literature data gap analysis should be done to analyze gaps in processes and the gap between the existing outcome and the desired outcome. Gap analysis also provides a foundation for measuring investment of time, money, and human resources required to achieve a particular outcome.
Gaps in Teenage Pregnancy and Drug Abuse
The definition of data gap is the process of analyzing existing data to determine where there is no production or evaluation of data that benefits an operation (Gresham, n.d.). Data gaps can occur because data is not available. The data may not be completed or evaluated adequately.
Data gaps occur with the...
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