Changes in the working patterns in the modern world
In recent years, there have been tremendous changes in working patterns. The extensive use of modern technology due to increased availability and affordability of computers and fax machines has allowed for greater flexibility in people’s working lives. Whether the resulting changes in working conditions are beneficial or not is a matter of opinion. Admittedly, employees now have the luxury of arranging work around their lives rather than vice versa. Working from home means you do not waste time commuting to work and without the interruption of the office, a larger volume of work can be done in a shorter space of time. What is more, there has been a considerable increase in the number of part-time workers and job-sharers. This has enabled certain sectors of the population to work who normally would not be able to, for example mothers with pre-school children. With fewer working hours, they have more time to devote to their families or their own personal pursuit. On the other hand, these different ways of organizing work are not without their drawbacks. Working from home can create a sense of being cut off from the outside world. Not only does this luck of social interaction have a negative effect on a professional level, but on a personal level too. Home-based workers also incur expenses for electricity, phone bills and the like. As for those who work part- time or job-share, there can be major repercussions. A reduction in working hours goes hand in hand with a reduction in working rights. More specifically, employees may miss out on pensions, unemployment benefit, as well as holiday and sick leave. The result is that employers may prefer par-time workers to full-time workers, as it is easier to exploit them. All things considered, the changes in working patterns described offer different things to different people. Some welcome what they see as the freedom to work as and when they please, while others are...
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