Changes in Soviet Values
Films in the Soviet Union during Stalin's rule were primarily made for propaganda purposes. Some of the most famous films at the time were "Chapaev," "Circus," and "Moscow Doesn't Believe in Tears,” which were all were aimed at describing Soviet Values during and after Stalin's rule. The film "Chapaev" was produced in 1934 and was set during the Russian Civil War, and like "Circus," which was produced two years later, they both reflected Soviet ideals of Stalin's rule. "Moscow Doesn’t Believe in Tears" was produced in 1980, and it showed the changes in Soviet values after Stalin's reign in the 1950's and 1970's. Even though each of these propaganda films is set in different time periods, each one illustrates the changing social values of that time.
The movie "Chapaev" was directed by the Vasilyev brothers and was produced in 1934. The movie depicts the story of a soldier made commander named Vasily Ivanovich Chapaev, who led the Red Army to victory in the Russian Civil War. The main theme portrayed in "Chapaev" is the idea of "social realism," and to show this the producers tell the story of the Soviet principals of equality within society, and the growth of the party. In one scene of the movie, Chapaev's men loot local farmers, and Chapaev's newly appointed commissar arrests the men involved and return the livestock. Initially, Chapaev was angry with his new commissar for arresting his men, as he feels he was undermining Chapaev's power, but he learned to agree with him because the peasants supported him upon the safe return of their livestock. Chapaev's new commissar explained to him that the entire war was being fought for the peasants, and by stealing from them it was hurting their image. This scene shows the equality within society that the Bolsheviks party was going for, and therefore the party gained more support. This scene in particular was propaganda because in war, armies do steal from...
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