Week 6 Checkpoint: Changes from Adolescence Through Adulthood PSY/210
For each of three developmental domains: physical, cognitive, and social/personality, identify two major changes or challenges associated with that developmental stage (adolescence, young adulthood, middle adulthood, and late adulthood).
|Stage of Development |Physical Development |Cognitive Development |Social/Personality Development | |Adolescence |The main change in physical |In adolescence, the formal |During the adolescent years, is | | |development in adolescence is |operational stage of cognitive |when they try to get their | | |the growth spurt; in a time span|development begins; however some|independence from their parents | | |of 2 to 3 years, adolescence |people never reach this stage. |and develop their own | | |will grow in between 8 to 12 |In adolescence, the imaginary |individuality and identity. | | |inches. Another physical change|audience and the personal fable |Also, during these years an | | |during adolescence is the |also begins. A teenager may |adolescent has to deal with how | | |secondary sex characteristics |feel as if everybody is watching|to learn how to express their | | |develop. |them; thus the need for more |changing and developing | | | |privacy. They also begin to |sexuality. | | | |think that they are invincible. | | | | |As an adolescent, we use | | | | |dualistic thinking where | | | | |everything is seen as good/bad | | | | |or right/wrong. | | |Young Adulthood |Our physical development is at |People are also at the peak of |Becoming an independent adult in | | |its best during our young |their cognitive abilities in |several different ways such as: | | |adulthood. However, in the |their young adulthood. |financial, responsibility and | | |early twenties is when our body |In younger adulthood we begin to|making decisions. In the “trying| | |starts to lose its flexibility. |have a greater understanding of |twenties” people are trying to | | |In our early twenties, we still |things and begin to use more |find the direction that they want| | |have a lot of stamina and energy|strategies. In young adulthood |to take in life. Young adults | | |to go on. We are physically |we begin applying our |also go through individuation. A| | |matured by young adulthood. |intelligence to long-term goals |person normally decides on a | | | |and responsibilities. |career, whether or not to get | | | |As young adults, dualistic |married or settle down and have | | | |thinking is replaced by multiple|children, and decisions of this | | | |thinking, where we realize that |nature during this age span; | | | |everybody has a different |however, some do wait until they | | | |opinion and that an authority |are older. | | | |may not have all the answers; |Stages are more defined by events| | | |also we begin to develop our own|such as marriage, having | | | |style of thinking. We also |children, or a career. | | | |become aware of our personal | | | | |limitations. | | |Middle Adulthood |In middle adulthood women go |Memory function begins to |Around the age of 30 years old, | | |through menopause; however, a |decline; however, it is fluid |people start to go through the | | |few do go through this stage in |intelligence that is affected |age-30 transition; this is where | | |middle adulthood. Men go |more than crystallized |they find that things that were | | |through a stage called |intelligence. The way |“comfortable” in their 20’s is no| | |andropause, which is where |information is processed in our |longer that way. People in their| | |testosterone production begins |brain also slows down. |30’s start to concentrate on the | | |to decline around the age of 40 |Also as middle-aged adults we |future, instead of the | | |years old. For women who have |develop a better ability to use |“here-and-now” like younger | | |yet to go through menopause, the|logic, intuition, and to |adults. In the 30’s people also | | |biological clock starts ticking |separate conflicting facts and |start to go through generativity | | |to remind them that their child |ideas. |versus | | |bearing years are drawing short.| |stagnation, where a mid-aged | | |Signs of aging starts to show | |adult might want to be more | | |such as a few wrinkles and gray | |productive with their life. A | | |hairs. | |person also begins to look back | | |Our hearing and sensory | |on what they have done with their| | |functions may begin to decline | |life. There is also the mid-life| | |in our middle-age. | |crisis, where people realize | | | | |their life is half way over and | | | | |they begin to reaccess their life| | | | |and what they possibly have | | | | |missed out on. | |Late Adulthood |The skin becomes less elastic |Memory function begins to |In late adulthood, we go through | | |and begins to wrinkle, and our |decline even more. Our working |what Erickson called ego | | |hair will begin to gray and |memory also starts to decline in|integrity versus despair, where | | |become thinner. |late adulthood. In late |an older person has to find life | | |Our reaction time also decrease,|adulthood, we also start to |worth living even though their | | |as we get older it takes us more|develop a decline in our fluid |body is declining with age. | | |time to react to a situation. |intelligence. |Also, with older age, we might | | |Our senses also become duller. |Brain tissue begins to decline |have to let some of independence | | |Our body begins to break down |due to loss of neurons and |go with declining health, such as| | |with age. |larger ventricles. In our older|living in a nursing home or a | | |Fat begins to replace muscle and|years, we also have the |retirement center. We also have | | |our metabolic rate decreases. |possibility of developing |to adjust to the idea of our | | |The cardiovascular system also |illnesses that affect our |lives eventually ending in our | | |begins to not function as well |cognitive abilities such as |near future. | | |due to age. Our bones also |Alzheimer’s disease or dementia | | | |become less dense; therefore, we| | | | |are more apt to break bones. | | | | |Even though in late adulthood we| | | | |can still have a fulfilling sex | | | | |life, it tends to slow down due | | | | |to lower levels of testosterone | | | | |and slower blood circulation. | | | | |An older adult is also more | | | | |prone to developing age related | | | | |illnesses during the functioning| | | | |of our body slowing down and | | | | |wear on our body. | | |