Challenges Single Moms Face
Abstract The purpose of this paper is to inform our society of the significant challenges single mom face. Raising children in this era is a very difficult task for couples and it brings greater challenges when is done by a single parent. This paper explores the emotional, psychological and financial aspect of raising children as a single mom as well as the main reasons why. It will review the causes and consequences in which it affects children, parents and entire families. There is data that has been collected where it indicates the reasons why there has been an increase and the impact that it has on children and adolescents. There are ways single moms overcome challenges.
II. Introduction to Challenges Single Mom Face
According to DeBell( 2008), about half of American children will spend part of their childhood in a single- parent family. DeBell stated that the absence of a father in a child’s home, the most consequential trend of our time, leads to social disaster(Pg. 427). Goldenberg (2008), states that a dysfunctional family, by definition, has failed to fulfill its purpose of nurturing the growth of its members. Single-parent families are more common in today’s society and are usually referred to as a broken home or dysfunctional families. Single-parent families have doubled since 1970 and are rapidly increasing. According the U.S. Census Bureau, around 30% of American families are headed by only one parent. There are 22 million children that live with a single parent—83% of those parents are moms. III. Types of Challenges Faced by Single Mom
a- Emotional & Psychological
A single-parent home brings negative effects on the child’s psychological and physical development. Whereas a two-parent home brings family stability by allowing each parent to play different roles during the child’s development and providing better support for them, Kelly (2003). Raising a family alone requires that one performs both the role of a father and a mother. Kombau (2000) states that fathers play the leading role in the household, as his primary responsibility is to bring the income in order to support the family. He will show his love by protecting his family, giving emotional support and guidance. The mother’s role is to nurture, care and encourage family growth. According to Kornbau (2000), researchers have identified several indicators of child well-being to test the effects of each divorce factor. Such factors include academic achievement, conduct, social relations, and psychological and emotional adjustment. Issues arise when single parents are suddenly faced with the emotional and financial responsibility of the family. Single parents go through their own emotional needs as well as being tasked to fulfill the needs of their children. A single parent usually develops a pattern of depression and must understand how to deal with their own struggles and simultaneously provide comfort for their children (Amato, 2003). As stated by Goldenberg ( 2008), Single moms, with physical custody of their children, usually deal not only with lowered economic status but also with grief, self-blame, loneliness and lack of support. According to Amato (2000), individuals with adult divorced parents are at an increased risk of experiencing psychological problems in adulthood. He states that children of divorced parents are disadvantaged in areas of psychological adjustment, well-being, academic achievement, and behavioral health. A few studies have considered the possibility that low educational attainment or poor interpersonal skills may be associated between parental...
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