It has been one hundred years since the creation of the juvenile court in the United States. The court and the juvenile justice system has made some positive changes in the lives of millions of young people lives over the course or those years, within the last thirteen years there has been some daunting challenges in the system.
According to Bartollas & Miller (2008) the challenges and unique issues the juvenile justice system face in the 21st century includes improving condition of confinement, fair treatment for children of color, health care, security, children with mental health issues, reducing overcrowding, securing resources for programs that work. Funding is a big challenge in the juvenile justice system, with limited funding the juvenile justice system face many challenges that handicap social policy advances.
The juvenile justice system mission is to correct youthful offenders so they will not return to juvenile justice system or continue on into the life of an adult criminal many intervention methods has been tried in order to achieve the mission of rehabilitation. Some of the unique issues is failed intervention like diversion, community-base corrections, radical nonintervention, the closing of training schools, mandatory sentencing, punishment, transactional analysis, guided groups interaction, positive peer culture, behavior therapy, work release, home furloughs, and coeducational institutionalization. However, with different situations some things work for some offenders and some things don’t, the overall results of these strategies fell short of achieving the goal of preventing juveniles from returning to the system.
Child abuse is the illegal physical, emotional, or sexual mistreatment of a child by his or her parents or guardian, most states also consider a child who is forced into delinquent activity by a parent or guardian to be abuse. The juvenile justice system is constantly