Chacha Nehru

Topics: Indian National Congress, India, Indian independence movement Pages: 31 (11697 words) Published: May 4, 2013
Jawaharlal Nehru
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Jawaharlal Nehru|
1st Prime Minister of India|
In office
15 August 1947 – 27 May 1964|
President| Rajendra Prasad
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan|
Governor General| The Earl Mountbatten of Burma
Chakravarti Rajagopalachari|
Deputy| Vallabhbhai Patel|
Preceded by| Position established|
Succeeded by| Gulzarilal Nanda (Acting)|
Minister of Defence|
In office
31 October 1962 – 14 November 1962|
Preceded by| V. K. Krishna Menon|
Succeeded by| Yashwantrao Chavan|
In office
30 January 1957 – 17 April 1957|
Preceded by| Kailash Nath Katju|
Succeeded by| V. K. Krishna Menon|
In office
10 February 1953 – 10 January 1955|
Preceded by| N. Gopalaswami Ayyangar|
Succeeded by| Kailash Nath Katju|
Minister of Finance|
In office
13 February 1958 – 13 March 1958|
Preceded by| Tiruvellore Thattai Krishnamachariar|
Succeeded by| Morarji Desai|
In office
24 July 1956 – 30 August 1956|
Preceded by| Chintaman Dwarakanath Deshmukh|
Succeeded by| Tiruvellore Thattai Krishnamachariar|
Minister of External Affairs|
In office
15 August 1947 – 27 May 1964|
Preceded by| Position established|
Succeeded by| Gulzarilal Nanda|
Personal details|
Born| (1889-11-14)14 November 1889
Allahabad, North-Western Provinces, British India|
Died| 27 May 1964(1964-05-27) (aged 74)
New Delhi, India|
Political party| Indian National Congress|
Spouse(s)| Kamala Kaul|
Children| Indira Gandhi|
Alma mater| Trinity College, Cambridge
Inns of Court|
Profession| Barrister|
Religion| None (Agnostic atheism)[1][2][3]|
Signature| |
Jawaharlal Nehru (IPA: [dʒəʋaːɦərˈlaːl ˈneːɦru] ( listen), 14 November 1889 – 27 May 1964),[4] often referred to as Panditji, was an Indian politician and statesman, a leader in the Indian independence movement, and the first independent Prime Minister of India. Nehru was elected by the Indian National Congress to assume office as India's first independent Prime Minister in 1947, and re-elected when the Congress party won India's first general election in 1951. He was one of the founders of the international Non-Aligned Movement. The son of moderate nationalist leader and Congressman Motilal Nehru, Jawaharlal Nehru became a leader of the left wing of the Congress. He became Congress President under the mentorship of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. Nehru advocated Democratic Socialism/Fabian Socialism and a strong public sector as the means by which economic development could be pursued by poorer nations. He was the father of Indira Gandhi and the maternal grandfather of Rajiv Gandhi, who would later serve as the third and sixth Prime Ministers of India, respectively. Contents [hide]  * 1 Early life and career (1889–1912) * 2 Struggle for Indian Independence (1912–47) * 2.1 Home rule movement * 2.2 Political apprenticeship * 2.3 Non-cooperation * 2.4 Internationalising the struggle * 2.5 Republicanism * 2.6 Declaration of Independence * 2.7 Civil disobedience * 2.8 Architect of India * 2.9 Electoral politics * 2.10 World War II and Quit India * 3 Prime Minister of India (1947-64) * 3.1 Economic policies * 3.1.1 Land and agrarian reform * 3.2 Domestic policies * 3.2.1 States reorganisation * 3.3 Education and social reform * 3.4 National security and foreign policy * 3.5 Final years and the rise of Indira Gandhi * 4 Religion * 5 Personal life *...

References: * 11 Further reading * 12 Bibliography * 13 External links |
[edit] Early life and career (1889–1912)
The Nehru family ca. 1890s
Nehru described his childhood as a "sheltered and uneventful one." He grew up in an atmosphere of privilege at wealthy homes including a large palatial estate called the Anand Bhawan
[edit] Prime Minister of India (1947-64)
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