Topics: Theodore Roosevelt, William McKinley, William Jennings Bryan Pages: 7 (1792 words) Published: April 16, 2015
Rushi Katragadda
Don’t Know Much About History
Chapter 5

1. What happened at Custer’s Last Stand?
Battle between Native Americans and U.S. forces, as a result of actions made by George Armstrong Custer. One of the greatest conflicts between the two forces leading to the government to wage war against the tribes. Even though the Natives were only defending against attack they were called out as murderers. 2. What happened at Wounded Knee?

This was the Natives last stand in the 1800s bringing an end to the era of Indian wars. The actual cause of the “battle” was caused when one of the surrendering Natives gun went off resulting in the soldiers firing on the unarmed Natives. It was later called the Natives “last stand.” 3. Who were the cowboys?

They were the heroes of American culture and stories. They were the cattle drivers who led individual lives and the ruthless lawmen who dueled criminals in the streets. 4. Who were the robber barons?

These were very rich and powerful businessmen in 19th century America who used exploitive methods to gain wealth and influence over politics, the stock market and national resources. 5. Of what was William Tweed boss?

William Tweed was the most notorious and powerful politician/businessman in the history of the nation. The infamous Tweed, better known as “Boss Tweed” or “boss of Tammany Hall,” acquired huge amounts of wealth through systematic corruption of various businesses and public offices in New York. He became chief of the Department of Public Works in N.Y.C. and leader of Tammany Hall, New Yorks City Democratic clubhouse. He would win scores of immigrant and disheveled workers votes keeping control of the legislature so that it passed bills that benefitted Tweed and associates directly and indirectly. In the end it was estimated he had amassed over $30 million illegally. His associate Samuel Tilden finally turned him in after being ridiculed and called out by cartoonist Thomas Naast. 6. What happened at Haymarket Square?

Strike at Haymarket Square or also massacre there was caused by police confusion and distress among the striking workers themselves. The day before there was a strike to rally for an eight-hour workday at the McCormick Reaper Company when during the strike workers attacked strikebreakers and the police fired on the crowd killing six and wounding many others. The next day as thousands of people gathered in Haymarket Square a bomb was thrown into the polices midst killing seven policemen. This incited a panic across the nation, as it was believed anarchists had caused the attack. 7. Who were the populists?

In the late 1800s the farmers, poverty stricken whites, and even the blacks united to form the People’s or Populist Party of America. The party’s formation was because the laborers were fed up with how the government was run and especially the people running the government. Their goals called for the national ownership of the railroads, telegraph lines, and telephone systems. 8. What was the Cross of Gold?

The issue of utmost importance in the 1890s was over currency whether we should use gold or silver currency and this was the epicenter of all politics during the time. Populists rallied for the “Free Silver” idea returning to the both gold and silver standard. The party had so much power it provided as the perfect springboard for any politician if they took up the cry as well. As the Democrats lost prestige with Cleveland a young Democrat from Nebraska, William Jennings Bryan, decided to seize the opportunity. He spoke at the Democratic nominating convention in 1896 delivering one of the most memorable speeches ever heard. He dramatically claimed, “You shall not press down upon the brow of labor this crown of thorns.” Then taking a position of crucifixion Bryan said, “You shall not crucify mankind on a Cross of Gold.” Although his electrifying speech secured him the ticket to the presidency the position was literally bought out by Mark Hanna...
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