Ch.7 The Empires of Persia

Topics: Zoroastrianism, Achaemenid Empire, Iran Pages: 5 (928 words) Published: November 29, 2013
Ch.7 The Empires of Persia

Chapter Questions: Answer on your own paper.
1. Why does the book say that Darius was "more important as an administrator than as a conqueror"? Darius built a new capital at Persepolis
Center of a sophisticated bureaucratic state
Created the Twenty-three satrapies(governors)
Created weights and Measurements
One central Coinage (Currency) and standardized taxation
He had tolerance: Spies to check every level of gov't

2. How did Darius organize his empire politically – how did he govern, what were the levels of government in the empire? Set up an efficient administration of twenty-three satrapies (provinces) Created a fine balance between central and local control( Satraps', Spies Provincial rulers, satraps

Constrained by the presence of imperial troops and tax collectors While traveling bureaucrats also monitored their actions
Taxes, Coinage

3. What systems did Darius establish to rule such a large empire? - 23 Satrapies (provinces) that created a fine balance between central & local control - Taxes and soldiers
- Traveling Bureaucrats
- Centralized Coinage, Unified taxes, (Common weights and measurements) -Postal Systems

4. In what ways did Darius, and his successors, promote communication and commerce throughout the empire? They created the Persian Royal Road stretched for 1600 miles from the Aegean Sea to Iran. -It provided communication w/ large parts of the empire. Used uniform taxes which allowed every Satrap to collect--- Darius had bureaucrats who monitored their actions Coinage- This was to unify the entire empire

Bureaucrats- They monitored the tax collectors
Postal Stations

6. How did the Parthians come to control the Persian Empire? Power of Parthian was heavy cavalry
Mithradates I established a empire through conquests from 171-155 B.C.E. Parthian government followed the example of Achaemenid administration Conquered Seleuds

7. What was the role of the imperial bureaucrats in Persian society? How did they fit in with the other social classes? Imperial administration called for educated bureaucrats
Shared power and influence with warriors and clan leaders(fell under the warrior class) Administrators, tax collectors, record keepers, and translators

8. What agricultural technologies and techniques did the Persians use to produce the large surpluses they needed to feed their huge population of nonfood producers? The Persians came up w/ underground irrig. Canals (Qanats)--> does not "evaporate"--- It makes its way to the crops.  Extensive road building

     -Persian Royal Road
     -Courier Service

9. The Persian Empires were noted for being part of a trade route critical to the economy of the classical world. What did the rulers do to facilitate trade? They:
Used long-distance trade
Imported products from India
Their lands were fertile
Persian elites considered trade to be a profession of lies and deceit Most Persian communities and estates were self-sufficient
Local merchants and traders continued to deal with trade along key routes: -Silk Road (East)
-Trans-Arabian (West)
-Red Sea Maritime Trade (West)
-Mediterranean Coastal Trade (Northwest)

10. What were the basic teachings of Zoroastrianism? Why is it considered a highly moralistic religion? How did Zoroastrianism influence other religions? Ahura Mazda super deity with 6 lesser deities

- There was a cosmic conflict between Ahura Mazda and ANgra Mainyu - Heavenly paradise and hellish realm as reward and punishment - Saw the material world as a blessing.
- The moral formula was good words, good thoughts, and good deeds. - Influenced the Jewish religion (belief in future reward and punishment); Christianity (concepts of heaven and hell Moral formula Good deeds, Good Words, and Good...
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