Chapter Questions: Answer on your own paper.
1. Why does the book say that Darius was "more important as an administrator than as a conqueror"?
Darius built a new capital at Persepolis
Center of a sophisticated bureaucratic state
Created the Twenty-three satrapies(governors)
Created weights and Measurements
One central Coinage (Currency) and standardized taxation
He had tolerance: Spies to check every level of gov't
2. How did Darius organize his empire politically – how did he govern, what were the levels of government in the empire?
Set up an efficient administration of twenty-three satrapies (provinces)
Created a fine balance between central and local control( Satraps', Spies
Provincial rulers, satraps
Constrained by the presence of imperial troops and tax collectors
While traveling bureaucrats also monitored their actions
3. What systems did Darius establish to rule such a large empire?
- 23 Satrapies (provinces) that created a fine balance between central & local control
- Taxes and soldiers
- Traveling Bureaucrats
- Centralized Coinage, Unified taxes, (Common weights and measurements)
4. In what ways did Darius, and his successors, promote communication and commerce throughout the empire?
They created the Persian Royal Road stretched for 1600 miles from the Aegean Sea to Iran. -It provided communication w/ large parts of the empire.
Used uniform taxes which allowed every Satrap to collect--- Darius had bureaucrats who monitored their actions
Coinage- This was to unify the entire empire
Bureaucrats- They monitored the tax collectors
6. How did the Parthians come to control the Persian Empire?
Power of Parthian was heavy cavalry
Mithradates I established a empire through conquests from 171-155 B.C.E.
Parthian government followed the example of Achaemenid administration
7. What was the role of the