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By Fierceindiankid Apr 15, 2015 4603 Words
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Alex Dhond 
Mr. Kanna 
30 August 2014 
Chapter 5: Roads to Revolution, 1750­1776 
Chapter Outline 
1. The Triumph of the British Empire, 1750­1763 
After King George’s War, neither France nor Britain had power over the other in North  America. As both sides readied themselves to fight again, the Ohio valley became a center of  conflict between the two. Seeing that they could possibly gain an advantage here, the French  began to build forts along the valley. The British sent George Washington to ask them to leave  the valley, but he was pushed back to no avail. Fearing the French gaining the upper hand, the  British not only tried to bribe the Iroquois to their side with goods, but also attempted to create  an inter­colonial “confederation,” which they hoped would unify the colonies and provide a  systematic and mutual defense system.  

As the Seven Year’s War began in America, one of the first British offensives was an  attack on Fort Duquesne by General Edward Braddock and his 2,200 men in 1755. However, a  coalition of French and Indian forces assaulted the British force, and after heavy losses and the  death of Braddock, the British forces retreated. With the retreat, French­allied Indians began  attacking the borders of the colonies, effectively halting both the war effort as well as expansion  for three years. The French and Indians took both Fort Oswego and Fort William Henry, and  with these gains, they now held a much better position over the British, both in Europe and  America. However, the tides turned when the Iroquois began to fear that the French were getting  too powerful, and they resigned from fighting, which also caused many of the other Indian tribes  to stop and/or switch sides. Also, William Pitt became the leader of the military sect of the  British cabinet. Pitt rallied the colonists into fighting through offering to pay for the war debt,  which generated over 40,000 new soldiers. With fresh, new soldiers, the tide of the battle turned,  as the British took back their lost lands, and after driving the French out of the colonies they  captured Montreal in 1759.  


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These defeats forced the French to negotiate terms for land distribution in North America.  However, the French did try to launch a recapture, which failed miserably. Afterwards, the  British and French agreed that France was to give up all of the land east of the Mississippi to  Britain. It was not only France and Britain in the talks, however, as Spain was also involved. A  series of trades then began. Spain would take all lands west of Louisiana from the French, and  would give Britain control of Florida in exchange for Cuba. At the end of it all, both Britain and  Spain had massive land holdings, and the French only had tiny spots of territory in the Caribbean  and islands in North America. French subjects, who did not support their new British rulers, were  forced out, and most of them went to Louisiana, and became “Cajuns.”    

2. Imperial Revenues and Reorganization, 1760­1766 
In the aftermath of the Seven Years’ War, the British sought a way to strengthen and pay  for their now much larger empire. The British government passed Acts, such as the Stamp Act,  to generate money. However, the colonists did not like these newfound taxes, and protested,  sometimes violently. 

Throughout the war, there were tensions between British and Colonial troops, with each  feeling that the other was somehow in the wrong. The British felt that the colonial troops were  unorganized and ungrateful, and the Colonial troops felt the British were stuck up. The British  were also angry that the colonists were free from paying the debts of the war, as the debt in  England skyrocketed. However, because colonists were spending so much on British goods, the  price of which had risen during wartime, they also fell into debt. With this came much suspicion  of Britain purposely putting the colonists into this situation. These were not the only tensions that  arose after the war. Many Natives, fearing that the British would take their land and enslave  them, attacked British forts and raised an anti­British sentiment. Pontiac’s Rebellion, as it was  known, was ultimately a failure, as the the British crushed them with help from smallpox and  other factors. King George also proclaimed that all of the land west of the Appalachians was now  under royal rule, and that the Indians could either give them up to the British or leave. However,  this “Proclamation of 1763” angered the colonists in that it felt that the royal crown had suddenly  taken all of their claims to the west, instead of giving them back to the colonies. Finally, with  this uprising came the government’s decision to station 10,000 British troops in the new lands.  This would cost a heavy amount of money, and Parliament wanted the colonists to help pay.  This, combined with the colonists’ idea of the “standing army” in their lands, gave way to more  tensions between the colonists and the British government.    

To stop illegal trade with foreign nations, the British government allowed for their  authorities in the colonies to apply a “writ of assistance” which allowed for the seizing of illegal  goods (basically a search warrant). However, many colonists considered this document 

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“unconstitutional” as it did not require any evidence or suspicion, which mean

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