C:1-1 In a closed-fact situation, the facts have occurred, and the tax advisor’s task is to analyze them to determine the appropriate tax treatment. In an open-fact situation, by contrast, the facts have not yet occurred, and the tax advisor’s task is to plan for them or shape them so as to produce a favorable tax result. p. C:1-2.
C:1-2 According to the AICPA’s Statements on Standards for Tax Services, the tax practitioner owes the client the following duties: (1) to inform the client of (a) the potential adverse consequences of a tax return position, (b) how the client can avoid a penalty through disclosure, (c) errors in a previously filed tax return, and (d) corrective measures to be taken; (2) to inquire of the client (a) when the client must satisfy conditions to take a deduction and (b) when information provided by him or her appears incorrect, incomplete, or inconsistent on its face; and (3) not to disclose tax-related errors without the client’s consent. pp. C:1-32 through C:1-35.
C:1-3 When tax advisors speak about "tax law," they refer to the IRC as elaborated by Treasury Regulations and administrative pronouncements and as interpreted by federal courts. The term also includes the meaning conveyed by committee reports. p. C:1-7.
C:1-4 Committee reports concerning tax legislation explain the purpose behind Congress’ proposing the legislation. Transcripts of hearings reproduce the testimonies of the persons who spoke for or against the proposed legislation before the Congressional committees. Committee reports are sometimes used to interpret the statute. p. C:1-7.
C:1-5 Committee reports can help resolve ambiguities in statutory language by revealing Congressional intent. They are indicative of this intent. pp. C:1-7 and C:1-8.
C:1-6 The Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is updated for every statutory change to Title 26 subsequent to 1986. Therefore, it includes the post-1986