Centralisation & Decentralisation

Powerful Essays
CENTRALISATION AND DECENTRALISATION
INTRODUCTION
Centralisation and decentralisation are very important concepts of prganisation. They explain the manner in which the decision making authority' is distributed or delegated among various levels of the organization. The concept of centralisation and decentralisation deals with the distribution of overall organizational authority. Centralization is that condition where in much of decision making authority is retained at the top of management authority. Decentralization on the other hand is that condition where in much of the decision making authority is pushed downwards to the lower management levels.

CENTRALISATION Centralisation refers to systematic reservation of authority at central points within the organization. Centralisation means the concentration of formal authority at the top levels of an organization. It is a tendency aimed at centralized performance. Hence, it is the’ Opposite of dispersal and delegation of authority: It has an important bearing on the Processes of policy formulation and decision-making. these two major areas of Management or administration are the! reserves of the top management in a centralized organization. The lower levels of the organizational hierarchy always look upwards for direction, advice, clarification, interpretation, etc.
Need For Centralisation
Centralisation is needed to achieve the following objectives: * Establishing Personal Leadership * Personal leadership is effective function of small organizations. Success in such organizations depends on “aggressiveness, singleness of purpose and flexibility”. The leader can take quick decisions without losing time in discussion and arriving at a consensus which prove not only time consuming but also wasteful.

* Forgoing Integration * The functions of unification and integration may best be performed if a single person is endowed with centralized authority. It will help to keep different

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    3.8CENTRALIZATION AND DECENTRALIZATION Centralization Centralization is concentrating the power and authority near the top or in the head of an organization.Centralization also means as decision authority is located near the top of the organization. Decentralization Decentralization is dispersing the power and decision making to successively lower levels of the organization.Subordinates have the authority to make decisions through decentralization.The subordinates have the authority to…

    • 380 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Decentralisation

    • 1370 Words
    • 4 Pages

    ‘The decentralisation of retailing and other services has had a major impact on urban Areas.’ To what extent do you agree with this statement? Decentralisation of retailing is the move away from retailing within the city centre to out of town retailing centres. Decentralisation of retailing such as the Trafford centre in Manchester has undoubtedly contributed to urban decline. Central Business Districts are currently facing huge impacts as sub-urbanisation and counter-urbanisation needs leads to…

    • 1370 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Centralisation of Power: Indian Political System The need for a strong centre is generally considered to be a necessity regardless of what kind of an organization it is and what it is into. Nowhere is this need felt more strongly than in our political system particularly in our political parties. It seems more apt to call India a subcontinent rather than a country. Enough and more has been written and said about how it is a melting pot of various and diverse cultures and how some states…

    • 816 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    decentralisation

    • 1562 Words
    • 6 Pages

    RAJIV GANDHI UNIVERSITY OF HEALTH SCIENCES BANGALORE, KARNATAKA PROFORMA FOR REGISTERATION OF SUBJECTS FOR DISSERTATION 1 NAME OF CANDIDATE AND ADDRESS PRABHAVATHI THIRUMALA REDDY 1 YEAR M Sc NURSING PRAGATHI COLLEGE OF NURSING, HENNUR CROSS, BANGALORE 2 NAME OF THE INSTITUTION PRAGATHI COLLEGE OF NURSING 3 COURSE STUDY AND SUBJECT I YEAR M.SC. NURSING PSYCHIATRIC NURSING 4 DATE OF ADMISSION TO COURSE 18/06/2012 5 TITLE OF THE STUDY A STUDY TO ASSESS THE EFFECTIVENESS…

    • 1562 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Decentralisation

    • 1043 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Decentralization The Benefits of Decentralization In a democracy, opposition political parties and the party in power have the duty and obligation to educate and inform its citizens the basic principles of democracy. Unfortunately, this has not been the case with political parties in our country. The Citizens Democratic Party would like to end this retrogressive culture and usher in a culture that will build citizens knowledge, skills and ability to participate, to advocate and to…

    • 1043 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    6 main disadvantages of decentralisation (1) The success of decentralization will depend upon the quality of personnel manning the decentralized units. In those cases where the training, experience, education etc of the employees are inadequate, decentralisation of authority and of decision making would be harmful for the enterprise. There will be wrong decisions, confusion, contradictions etc. (2) Decentralisation becomes uneconomic and unwieldy unless the organisation is large and strong enough…

    • 2773 Words
    • 12 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    decentralisation

    • 369 Words
    • 2 Pages

    1. Concept of Decentralization The Central Asian countries (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan), once received their independence form USSR, started a massive decentralization process. Decentralization, generally speaking, is a process that aims to re-distribute powers and responsibilities from the top to lower levels of a government. Fritzen S. A. and Lim W. O. distinguish four categories of decentralization: administrative (the transfer of policy making, planning and management responsibilities…

    • 369 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Advantages and Disadvantages of Decentralisation Decentralisation means diffusion of authority. The dispersal of authority of decision- making to the lower level management is termed as decentralisation. Decentralisation of authority is a fundamental phase of delegation and the extent to which authority is not delegated is called centralisation. Here got some advantages and disadvantages of decentralisation. Firstly, distribution of burden of top executive. Decentralisation helps to its executive to…

    • 1227 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Best Essays

    DECENTRALISATION PROCESS IN TURKEY: A CASE FOR UNSTABLE PASSIONATE Dr. Sonay Bayramoglu Ozugurlu* Dr. Nuray Erturk Keskin** This study aims to analyze decentralisation process of Turkey as one of the fundamental trends for the state organization of the 21st century. Investigated object of this study has not clear-cut appearances since it has unpredictable daily tempo of acceleration with multi dimensional determinants and determinates. To overcome this uncertainty, it is aimed to focus…

    • 2827 Words
    • 12 Pages
    Best Essays
  • Good Essays

    Centralization Versus Decentralization By Annick M. Brennen The concepts of centralization and decentralization are important ones to consider as they ultimately affect the effectiveness of schools in educating the children of a nation. Centralization refers to the condition whereby the administrative authority for education is vested, not in the local community, but in a central body. This central body has complete power over all resources: money, information, people, technology. It decides the…

    • 3961 Words
    • 16 Pages
    Good Essays