central venous infection
Research Article Critique Paper
University of Phoenix
Research Article Critique Paper
‘Use of Central Venous Catheter- Related Bloodstream Infection Prevention Practices’ The nursing profession continually strives for the evidence-based practice, which includes research studies, critiquing and synthesizing studies, and applying scientific evidence into the nursing practice. Thus critiquing research is an essential step toward basing the practice on empirical evidences. An intellectual critique is directed at the elements that are created rather than at the creator. The elements of intellectual critique of the research are described to assist in determining the quality of empirical evidence generated by the studies. An intellectual research critique is a careful, complete examination of a study to judge its strengths, weakness, logical links, meaning, and significance. A high quality study focuses on a significant problem, demonstrates sound methodology, produces credible findings, and provides a basis for additional studies done by other researchers (Burns& Groves, 2006). Critiquing a study involves the application of some basic guidelines to assist in finding answers for some questions. They are: 1) what are the research problem significant? 2) What are the major strengths and weakness of the study? 3) Does the researcher use sound methodology? 4) Was the study results valid? 5) Is there any study replicated and what is the results comparison? Are there any implications to practical applications? (Burns & Groves, 2006). By answering these questions one can find the strengths, weakness, and validity, reliability and implications of the study to the practice. Critiquing research will manifest in the use of a variety in critical thinking skills and in the application of knowledge of the research process. The research critique process of a quantitative study includes four critical thinking phases: comprehension, comparison, analysis, and evaluation. Each of these critique phases involves examination of the steps of the quantitative research process and identification of the strength and weaknesses of this process (Burns & Grove, 2006). The study named,’ Use of central venous Catheter-Related Bloodstream Infection( CR-BSI) Prevention Practices by US Hospitals’ is a quantitative design (Krein, Hofer, Kowalski, & Olmsted, 2007). The purpose of the study was to determine the extent to which US acute care hospitals have adopted central venous CR-BSI prevention practices and to identify the factors that encouraged their adoption. The need of this study was due to the rising healthcare infections that affect more than 2 million hospitalized patients annually and the cost of the US healthcare system more than 6 million in excess charges (Center for Disease Control and prevention, 2006). According to Center for disease control and prevention (CDC), CR-BSI affects more than 200,000 patients annually in US and increases morbidity, mortality, length of hospital stay, and healthcare cost. The purpose of this study is to determine the usage of recommended guideline in US hospitals in delivering care to prevent healthcare induced blood stream infection. The authors have comprehensible knowledge about the problem and purpose of the study. The study included the individual infection prevention practices recommended by the CDC guidelines and the protocols and guidelines advocated by organizations such as the institute of Healthcare improvements (IHI). Researchers evaluated the factors that would be associated with the adoption of infection prevention practices: such as centralized administration like Veterans Affairs (VA) healthcare system, a guideline recommendation for a specific procedures, and hospital characteristics, such as dedicated hospital epidemiologist. Researchers have focused on possibilities in various hospital settings, which can affect the prevention of...
References: Burns, N., & Groves, S. K. (2007). Understanding Nursing Research (4 ed). Philadelphia, PA: Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders
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Krein, S. L., Hofer, T. P., Kowalski, C. P., & Olmsted, R. N. (June 2007). Use of Central Venous Catheter-Related Bloodstream Infection prevention Practices By US Hospitals. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, 82(6) P. 672. Retrieved October 30th, 2008, from http://proquest.umi.com
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