Celta Assignment: Language Analysis

Topics: Grammatical tense, Gerund, Phonology Pages: 5 (636 words) Published: June 22, 2013
Assignment 1: Language Analysis
Part A:
Mary goes to work at 8.30.
A) The name of the structure (if there is one)

Present simple tense

B) The form of the structure

Subject + base form-es

C) The function

Describing habits and routines

D) The phonological features

Weak form: to > / 'tә /
Sentence stress: Depends on the context.
Intonation: Falling at the end.
Pronunciation: Mary > / 'meɪrɪ /

E) Possible student difficulties

Conceptual difficulty: Confusion between present progressive and present simple. Students may think that student refers to plural
Structural difficulty: Students may omit "to"

F) Level and Context

Present at elementary level.
Context: Two friends talking about Mary's routine.

G) Concept questions and answers

Will Mary go to work tomorrow at 8.30? (Yes)
Did she go to work at 8.30 yesterday? (Yes)
Its 8.30 right now, is Mary sleeping? (No)

H) Clarification of Concepts

Visual Images of a woman going to work with clear indication of time (8.30) and a different day clearly shown on each picture (Monday-Friday) will be shown.

Timeline:

I used to have long hair:
A) The name of the structure (if there is one)

(No name) Phrasal verb

B) The form of the structure

Subject + used to + infinitive phrase

C) The function

Describing a discontinued past state.

D) The phonological features

Weak form: to > /'tә/
Sentence stress: "Used to"
Intonation: Falling at the end.
Pronunciation: Used > /ˈjuːst/

E) Possible student difficulties:

Conceptual difficulty: Confusion about the meaning of word "used" as students might think of it as "utilising." Confusion about the meaning of word "used to" as students might think of it as "accustomed to."

F) Level and Context

Present at intermediate level
Context: Talking to a hairdresser

G) Concept questions and answers

Does he have long hair now? (No)
Did he have long hair in the past? (Yes)
Did he have long hair for a short time? (No)

H) Clarification of Concepts

Visual image of a man showing an old photo of him to a hairdresser will be shown.

Timeline:

John must have gone home:
A) The name of the structure (if there is one)

Perfect modal.

B) The form of the structure

Subject + Modal + have + past participle

C) The function

Making deductions

D) The phonological features

Weak form: have > /әv/
Linking: Must have
Sentence stress: On "must"
Intonation: Falling at the end

E) Possible student difficulties:

Conceptual difficulty: Confusion about the meaning of "must" as it implies compulsion. Confusion about the meaning of "have" as it implies possession.

Structural difficulty: Difficulty identifying the tense of the sentence. Students may omit auxiliary verb "have".

F) Level and Context

Present at upper intermediate level
Context: At a party, discussing the whereabouts of John.

G) Concept questions and answers

Is John here? (No)
Are you sure that he has gone home? (No, Likely)

H) Clarification of Concepts

Visual images of "John" at a party, and then absent from the second picture to show that he isn't at the party so "he must have gone home"

Part B:
Jacket:
Context: A lesson about clothing.
Concept questions: Do you wear it over clothing? (Yes)
Do you wear it indoors? (No) Do you wear it under your clothing? (No) Boring V Bored:
Context: Explaining difference between adjectives.
Concept questions: Are these words different? (Yes)
When you say "bored", are you describing how you are feeling? (Yes)
When you say "boring", are you referring to something else? (Yes) To muddle through:
Context: Lesson on...

References: Aitken, R. (2002) Teaching Tenses. (ELB Publishing)
Harmer, J. (1991) The Practice of English Language Teaching. (Longman)
Scrivener, J. (2011) Learning Teaching. (Macmillan Education)
Swan, M. (2005) Practical English Usage. (Oxford)
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