1. What two molecules are formed when a phosphate is removed from ATP?
There are three phosphate groups in ATP molecule (Adenosine Triphosphate), when removing one phosphate molecule, ADP molecule is formed (Adenosine Diphosphate).
2. What is the function of ATP? Describe the molecule.
The function of ATP is storing energy within a cell. ATP is adenosine triphosphate, C10H16N5O13P3, a high energy complex, giving the necessary power to push metabolistic reactions in the body. Its composed of adenosine, a ribose sugar, and three phosphates.
3. Describe how ADP is converted into ATP.
By adding one phosphate molecule to ADP, it becomes ATP.
4. Differentiate between oxidation and reduction reactions.
Oxidation is a process, in which the atom or ion is increasing its oxidation sate. This will result in loss of electrons. The species that are being oxidized, are the reduction agents. Reduction is a process, by which the atom or ion is decreasing its oxidation state. This will result in a gain of electrons. Here, the species that are being reduced are the oxidizing agents.
5. Why is an electron transport system important to living organisms?
Because it releases energy from fuel in a slow and controlled fashion.
6. Why are oxidation reactions often associated with the production of ATP?
They release energy, thus helping with the production of ATP.
7. In the reaction ADP + P forms ATP is energy stored or released?
Stored , because with the addition of a Phosphate molecule ATP is formed.
8. The primary source of energy for the cell is (a) starch (b) cellulose (c) glucose (d) ATP (e) sunlight
9. Why must glycolysis occur before the steps of aerobic respiration can begin?
Glycolysis breaks glucose into two pyruvate molecules, to be broken down in the citric-acid cycle. For this reason, it must occur before the steps of aerobic respiration can begin.
10. What is the