Cell Parts and Functions Table

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Topics: Cell, Organelle
Cell Parts and Functions Table |

Cell Organelle | Cell Function | Nucleus | Directs all cell activities "Brain or Control Center of cell" | Nuclear Envelope (Membrane) | Controls what passes in and out of the nucleus | Cytoplasm | Jelly-like substance found inside cell that acts as a medium for chemical reactions within the cell | Golgi Body (Apparatus) | Packages the proteins made by the ribosomes so they can be sent out of the cell. The UPS store of the cell | Mitochondrion | "powerhouse of the cell" breaks down sugar molecules to release energy, site of cellular respiration, double membrane, self-replicating, contains own DNA, cristae | Vacuole | "Storage tanks" Can hold food, water or waste for the cell | Ribosome | Makes proteins for the cell, can be found attached to the endoplasmic reticulum or free in the cytoplasm | Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) | Transportation network for the cell, moves materials around in the cellRough Endoplasmic Reticulum (RER)- endoplasmic reticulum that has ribosomes attached.Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum (SER)- does not have ribosomes attached | Lysosome | "Stomach of the cell" Helps the cell digest food, waste and worn out cell parts | Nucleolus | Produces ribosomes and rRNA( stuff ribosomes are made of) | Cell Membrane (plasma membrane) | "Gatekeeper" Separates the cell from the rest of the environment and helps control what passes in and out of the cell. Semi-permeable: allows some materials to pass through but not all | Chloroplast | A special plastid that contains chlorophyll a pigment that captures the sun's energy to produce glucose in a process called photosynthesis | Cell Wall | Rigid outer layer made of cellulose that supports and protects the cell (plant, fungi, and bacterial cells) | Vesicle | Stores and Transports substances from the Golgi Body to the cell membrane for export. "The UPS truck of the cell" | Cytoskeleton | gives support and shape to the cell, made of proteins | Centriole

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