Cell Cycle

Topics: Chromosome, Meiosis, Mitosis, Cell cycle, Ploidy / Pages: 15 (3523 words) / Published: Dec 1st, 2012
Biology, 7e (Campbell)
Chapter 13: Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles

Chapter Questions

1) What is a genome?
A) the complete complement of an organism's genes
B) a specific sequence of polypeptides within each cell
C) a specialized polymer of four different kinds of monomers
D) a specific segment of DNA that is found within a prokaryotic chromosome
E) an ordered display of chromosomes arranged from largest to smallest
Topic: Concept 13.1
Skill: Knowledge

2) Which of the following statements about genes is incorrect?
A) Genes correspond to segments of DNA.
B) Many genes contain the information needed for cells to synthesize enzymes and other proteins.
C) During fertilization, both the sperm and the ovum contribute genes to the resulting fertilized egg.
D) Under normal circumstances, each chromosome contains precisely one gene.
E) Genetic differences can result from changes in the DNA called mutations.
Topic: Concept 13.1
Skill: Comprehension

3) Asexual reproduction and sexual reproduction are different in that
A) individuals reproducing asexually transmit 100% of their genes to their progeny, whereas individuals reproducing sexually only transmit 50%.
B) asexual reproduction produces offspring that are genetically identical to the parents, whereas sexual reproduction gives rise to genetically distinct offspring.
C) asexual reproduction involves a single parent, whereas sexual reproduction involves two.
D) asexual reproduction only requires mitosis, whereas sexual reproduction always involves meiosis.
E) all of the above
Topic: Concept 13.1
Skill: Comprehension

4) How do the two members of a pair of homologous chromosomes differ from each other?
A) their length
B) the identity and relative position of the genes present on each of the chromosomes
C) their staining patterns
D) the position of the centromere within each of the chromosomes
E) the precise sequence of the DNA within each of the

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