Counseling juveniles Utilizing Cognitive Behavior Theory
Walter H. Scott, II
PC6000 Counseling Theory
Dr. Pamela Wright
April 16, 2010
In today’s society, there are various ways to treat disorders and adapt to everyday life. Cognitive therapy is clearly defined as process of thinking and being able to apply the knowledge from past or present experiences or courses. Clients struggle to use their prior experiences and knowledge to learn new concepts or skills. The behavior of the client becomes intense or uncontrollable when life or situations are unpredictable. The behaviors of clients can affect learning and coping in society, which lead to receiving behavior therapy. Cognitive therapy and behavior therapy are integrated to provide effective care to individuals who display abnormal behaviors internally and externally. Therefore, cognitive behavior therapy (CBT), a psychosocial therapy used to cure unhealthy behaviors by looking closely at the mental thoughts of the mind and using behavior techniques.
Cognitive behavior therapy is used to treat a variety of mental disorders that clients may portray such as depression, dissociative identity disorder , eating disorders, generalized anxiety disorder , hypochondriasis , insomnia , obsessive-compulsive disorder, and panic disorder without agoraphobia. Cognitive behavior therapy may not be the appropriate approach to meet the needs of clients if they are not willing to play an active role in treatment.
Aaron T. Beck developed cognitive behavior therapy in the 1960’s. He was recognized as the most influential psychologist in psychotherapy (). Beck initially attempted to advance Freud’s theory of depression; however, Beck research strayed him away Freud’s theory and towards an approach where faults in reason creates cognitive distortions (). This psychologist believes that individuals respond automatically to their distorted view of circumstances. Beck experienced challenges, which were life threatening at a young age in which he conquered (Corey 2009). Beck was instrumental in developing the theory because he faced many fears in his past such as: fear of suffocation, tunnel phobia, bloody injury fears, and public speaking anxiety.
Albert Ellis is known as the grandfather of cognitive style therapies (Boerre 2006). Ellis was raised in New York City and he experienced adversity in his childhood years by overcoming a kidney disorder which changed his focus from sports to books. The divorce of his parents led Ellis to grasp the understanding of others. Initially, Ellis initially supported psychoanalysis approach, however after evaluating minimum progress of clients, Ellis began to interject and take a more active role in his sessions by giving advice and direct interpretations to clients (Boerre 2006). Ellis notice moderate improvement, therefore by 1955 Ellis began to focus on changing individuals behaviors by challenging them with their irrational beliefs and influencing them to implement rational ones (Boerre 2006). This paper will explore the techniques of cognitive behavior therapy, the role of the therapist and client within the CBT process, and the implementation of cognitive behavior therapy with an adolescent who has been sexual abused. Cognitive Behavior Therapy Techniques
Clients who receive treatment utilizing Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) learn how to reframe negative thought patterns in order to understand their environment in a less prejudice way. Therapist utilizes various techniques in the treatment process to assist the clients to explore and alter their thought process and behaviors. Therapist utilize various cognitive, emotive, and behavioral techniques to address clients life tribulations. Such as: Socratic dialogue, which allows clients to reflect and ponder autonomously and seriously. One of the most techniques that therapist utilize is actively disputing client’s...
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