Jared Kevin Wenzelburger
World History Sharp
Feb. 18, 2015
Causes of WWII
World War II was a war that involved most of the world, hence the name WWII, being the second of it’s nature, it is also known as the “Second World War”. This war consisted of two main powers: The Axis (Germany, Italy, and Japan) & The Allies (America, Great Britain, Soviet Union, and China who also helped with war efforts). Even though nationalism is a big part of what caused WWII, the Treaty of Versailles, the Great Depression, and Hitler’s appetite for power are all main causes of WWII. (
One cause of WWII is, how Italy was, for the most part, left out of the Treaty of Versailles. Although 460,000 Italians were slaughtered in WWI, Vittorio Orlando (Italian Prime Minister during WWI) was completely ignored at Versailles. Also, Italy received no land, previously promised to them at the Secret Treaty of London. According to
Article 7 of the treaty:
“If Italy is accorded Trieste and Istria under Article 4, Dalmatia and the Adriatic isles within the borders determined in Article 5 and the Bay of Vlore (Article 6), and if the central part of Albania is preserved for the creation of a small neutralised autonomous State, Italy shall not oppose the division of the northern and southern parts of Albania – if France, Great Britain and Russia so wish –
between Montenegro, Serbia and Greece. The coast from the southern border of the Italian possession of Vlore up to the cape of Stylos shall be neutralised.
Italy shall be instructed to represent Albania in its international relations. Italy is agreeable to this arrangement provided that a sufficiently large territory is left in the east of Albania in order to secure the common border to Greece and Serbia in the west of Lake Ohrid.”
The Secret Treaty of London was made to persuade Italy to ally with the Triple Entente, or triple alliance, however Italy did not benefit in anyway from creating an alliance with them. This causing them to ally with Germany in WWII, helping them advance through Europe. (
Another cause for WWII is the Great Depression, because during which is when mass unemployment and poverty swept over the world especially in Germany and the United States. This widespread economic crisis caused twentyfive countries to turn into dictatorships between the years of 1929 and 1939. According to the picture, unemployed men would seek
work at unemployment
bureaus, during the Great
Depression. With the drop of
economy, came the drop of
tolerance, as America called
in it’s loans to Germany.
This causing the collapse of the German industry, which is a direct cause of Hitler’s rise to power. (
Which leads me to my next cause of WWII, Hitler's quest for power. “Germany will either be a world power, or will not be at all,” this quote from Adolf Hitler shows how powerful he wants to be. Basically saying that Germany is nothing without it’s power. This same drive for power is the one Hitler fed on as he tried to conquer Europe. Causing him to be a main cause and one of the biggest supports to WWII becoming as important and big of a war as it did. (
This is why The Treaty of Versailles, The Great Depression and Hitler were the main causes of WWII.
Hughes, Thomas A. "World War II | 19391945."
Encyclopedia Britannica Online
Britannica, 28 Oct. 2014. Web. 11 Feb. 2015.
.This site is
and useful, because it provides an accurate description of World War II, and can be used
by historians and students as a credible reference. ...
Cited: Britannica, 28 Oct. 2014. Web. 11 Feb. 2015.
Hitler, Adolf. "Adolf Hitler Quotes." Brainy Quote. Brainy Quote, 26 Feb. 2015. Web 26
N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Feb. 2015.
Web. 17 Feb. 2014.
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