NAME:PANAGIOTIS BOUROVILIS IB1
PAPER 3 ESSAY: CAUSES OF THE FEBRUARY REVOLUTION (1917)
The February Revolution of 1917 was first of the two revolutions in Russia in 1917, the revolution which began the transformation of the country. As an immediate result of this revolution, Tsar Nicholas II decided to abdicate, which lead to the end of the Romanov dynasty. The Tsar was immediately replaced by the provisional government and at the same time the Petrograd Soviet, which ruled alongside the Provisional Government.The revolution broke out very swiftly, but it did change Russia from its autocratic regime. The revolution is considered to be very spontaneous in terms of planning; however we cannot consider it completely spontaneous since there were significant causes for it,causes in the rule of country and causes related to the WW1. The revolution and the fall of Tsar were expected due to the long term situation in Russia. The economic factors were one of the main factors which lead to the Revolution. In the period of 19th to 20th century Russia was a very backward agricultural country.The royal family, the noble part of the society and clergy owned most of the land fit for agriculture.Peasants had to pay high prices for the rent of the land to their landlords and in addition the lack of proper tools for agriculture worsened the situation. The situation was also worsened by implements and methods of cultivation, which not too productive. All this stacked up created great dissatisfaction in the peasantry - millions of Russian people could not carry on this way, since many of them were starving. The poverty was spread further than the rural areas of the empire - the urban industrial...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document