Causes of road accident in Kelantan Malaysia

Topics: Tram accident, Traffic collision, Road accidents Pages: 13 (2079 words) Published: September 29, 2014
Evaluation of Leading Causes for
Road Accidents in Pengkalan Chepa, Kelantan

CHAPTER 1

INTRODUCTION

Road safety is a primary concern and goal of highway and traffic engineers worldwide. The road network in Pengkalan Chepa Kelantan exhibits relatively high traffic volumes particularly in rural areas. Kelantan is one of the state in terms of having higher numbers of road accidents leading to a relatively high number of fatalities and injuries. In the past few years in particular, the number of registered vehicles in Kelantan has considerably increased. As a result, traffic volumes and Vehicle Miles of Travel (VMT) have significantly increased leading to deteriorating traffic flows and escalating traffic congestions. Consequently, the number of road accidents has also noticeably increased in Malaysia in the past decade. Complete analysis of leading causes for road accidents in Pengkalan Chepa, Kelantan was conducted in this study. Different possible causes along with behaviours of drivers were investigated and correlated with the number of road accidents, fatalities and injuries. Pengkalan Chepa was found to have accident, fatality and injury rates that are considerably slightly higher than those of other state in Malaysia.

PROBLEM STATEMENTS
The problem of this study is to determine the leading causes of road accident in Pengkalan Chepa, Kelantan. The problem of the study is to compare the relationship between the number of registered vehicles and rate of road accident.

The problem of this study is to compare rate of fatality and injury rates in Pengkalan Chepa, Kelantan

STATISTICS OF ROAD ACCIDENTS AND DEATHS
IN KELANTAN 2007
JENIS JALAN
(TYPE OF ROAD)
JUM KEMALANGAN
(TOTAL ACCIDENTS)
JUM KEMALANGAN MAUT
(TOTAL FATAL ACCIDENTS)
JUMLAH KEMATIAN(TOTAL FATALITY)
JALAN NEGERI
(STATE ROADS)
40 
5
15
JALAN BANDARAN
(MUNICIPAL ROAD)
50
4
8
LAIN-LAIN JALAN
(OTHER ROAD)
26
1
2
JUMLAH
(TOTAL)
116
10
25

The table above shows the rate of accidents in different type of road in Kelantan. So this study will be carried out to identify the main causes of road accidents The relationships between three factors towards road traffic accidents happening in Pengkalan Chepa, Kelantan will be studied in this study. How do these effects the road traffic accidents will be the main focus of this research.

PURPOSE

1. The purpose of this finding is to identify the rate of road accident in Pengkalan Chepa, Kelantan.

2. To fit a model to accident data in the country to identify the major causes of road accidents in order to plan for future occurrence. 3. . To identify a platform for future studies into vehicular accident and its effects on human lives and properties in Malaysia.

Significance of the study

It is imperative to research into the vehicular accident data in Pengkalan Chepa, Kelantan to come out with the reality on the ground so that;

1. Policy makers could come out with strategies to find out factors caused by vehicular accidents to the barest minimum in the Kelantan. 2. The finding is to create awareness among Malaysian citizens about the main causes of road accidents in Malaysia.

3. The authorities could find solutions for the contribute factors of the road accidents in Pengkalan Chepa, Kelantan.

CHAPTER 2

LITERATURE REVIEW

This chapter consists of a review of the literature about the main causes of road accidents in Pengkalan Chepa, Kelantan. Firstly, this chapter will begin with some overview of the rate of road accidents, followed by the definition of cause of road accidents. The last section is the review of study about the causes that may play a role in increasing in road accidents. Traffic accidents rank fifth among the leading cause of deaths in Malaysia. The country is burdened with more than ten billion ringgit of losses due to traffic accidents every year. Despite implementation of various...
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