Causes of Poverty

Topics: Poverty, Africa, Human Development Index Pages: 3 (965 words) Published: March 5, 2014
CAUSES OF POVERTY
“Poverty is the worst form of violence”- Mahatma Gandhi. Poverty is a problem of unmet human physical need. That is, persons and families in poverty lack the goods and services needed to sustain and support life and the income to purchase the goods or services which would meet those needs. Have they been lazy, made poor decisions, and been solely responsible for their plight? What are the causes of this extreme need? Overpopulation is the situation of having large numbers of people with too few resources and too little space, which is closely associated with poverty. Overpopulation is the ‘mother-problem’. This problem is present in most of the countries where poverty is involved. Poverty rises when food resources aren’t sufficient to satisfy the daily needs of those people. Also, the governments of developing countries often provide little or no support, financially or family planning. Some developing countries tend to have high rates of population growth. Between 1999 and 2011, the world’s population increased by 1 billion, states the ‘Population Institute’. They goad them to famine, and then hang them if they steal a sheep. — Percy Bysshe Shelley. Famine, another cause of poorness strikes in many countries, like in India, sub Saharan Africa, Congo and Ethiopia. One cause of famine of Africa is the periodic lack of rain. In India, it is the significant amount of people and scarce food which widespread poverty. Children who are poorly nourished suffer up to 160 days of illness each year.  Under nutrition magnifies the effect of every disease, including measles and malaria. The highest rates of child mortality are still in Sub-Saharan Africa where 1 in 8 children dies before age 5. Without brainpower and labour force, a country cannot progress. Illiteracy and poverty constitute a mutually reinforcing vicious cycle that is difficult to break. People with low levels of literacy are more likely to earn less and experience poverty or extreme...
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