causes of poverty

Topics: Poverty, Africa, Infectious disease Pages: 2 (560 words) Published: February 27, 2014
Three main causes of poverty
Poverty, the stage of being indigent or extremely poor is the common phenomena of the world. Today about one-fifth of the world’s population lives in extreme poverty. For example, Indonesia, Filipina, Africa and Afghanistan. They don’t have adequate food, water, sanitation, education or healthcare, poverty may leads to dead and extinct. The causes of world poverty are widespread diseases, geographical location and unethical company.

Firstly, widespread diseases is one of the main causes of poverty. Poor countries cannot afford for the highly cost vaccines of tropical diseases like AIDS and HIV even if they were available. Besides that, the widespread illness slows a nation’s economic performance by reducing people’s ability to work. It is a long term effects as high incidence of disease can change the age structure of a country’s population. In societies with high child mortality rates, most mothers tend to have more children to ensure that at least some children will survive to adulthood. This causes a large population of children in the particular countries. With so, education of young becomes extremely difficult. Furthermore, it stops the women from participating in paid work for a long time because they always have young children to care for.

Secondly, geographical location is also one of the causes of poverty. Poor country at mostly in tropical zones. Tropical zones have higher susceptibility of infectious diseases and lower agriculture productivity than nations in temperate zones. Besides that, there are over 300 to 500 million cases of malaria annually and most of these cases happens in the tropical zones. Malaria also causes between 1 million and 2.3 million individuals’ death every year, this also decreases the working ability of people. In addition, the abundance of pets and parasites commonly found in tropical zones limits the agricultural productivity. These pets and parasites are hard to curb as they can mutate...
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