Causes of migration
The causes of migration may be numerous and these may range from natural calamities, climatic change, epidemics, and draught to social, economic, cultural and political. The over population and heavy pressure on resources may be the cause of permanent or temporary, and long distance or short distance migration. Many a time the differences between groups in level of technology and economic opportunities also cause large scale migration. (a) Technology
People with more sophisticated technology may evade and conquer new areas. Contrary to this, less advanced groups may be attracted to the greater opportunities provided by more developed society. For example, ancient romans conquered vast areas in Europe, North Africa and south west Asia. During this period, many people migrated to Rome which provided better economic and employment opportunities. After the industrial revolution in 1779, the Europeans emigrated to North America, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa and South America. The large scale emigration from European countries continued up to the first part of the 20thcentury and the main reason was to colonise the under developed countries and to exploit their resources. (b) Economic causes
One of the prime motives of emigration seems to be economic. Man’s need to have a virgin land to till has inspired him to migrate to distant areas. It was because of this reason that the slaves (AfricanNegros) were transported to the plantations in tropical America. These Negros subsequently settled in the United States of America, Latin America and West Indies. Heavy pressure on the land resources in the mother land also forced the people to outmigrate and to settle in areas where economic benefits may be achieved. Non availability of proper jobs and unemployment are also the economic reasons which compel the youth to leave their homes for places, areas, regions and countries where employment may be found. The agricultural laburers if unemployed,...
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