Causes and Spread of Infection
This unit is to enable the learner to understand the causes of infection and common illnesses that may result as a consequence. To understand the difference between both infection and colonisation and pathogenic and non pathogenic organisms, the areas of infection and the types caused by different organisms. In addition, the learner will understand the methods of transmission, the conditions needed for organisms to grow, the ways infection enter the body and key factors that may lead to infection occurring. Credit Level 2 2 Assessment criteria The learner can: 1.1 Identify the differences between bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites 1.2 Identify common illnesses and infections caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites 1.3 Describe what is meant by “infection” and “colonisation” 1.4 Explain what is meant by “systemic infection” and “localised infection” 1.5 Identify poor practices that may lead to the spread of infection 2. Understand the transmission of infection 2.1 Explain the conditions needed for the growth of micro-organisms 2.2 Explain the ways an infective agent might enter the body 2.3 Identify common sources of infection 2.4 Explain how infective agents can be transmitted to a person 2.5 Identify the key factors that will make it more likely that infection will occur
Learning outcomes The learner will: 1. Understand the causes of infection
Indicative content Learning outcome 1: Understand the causes of infection Bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites: differences between different micro-organisms; how they are identified; shape; features; illnesses they cause (bacterial e.g. lyme disease, tuberculosis; fungal e.g. tinea pedis, oral thrush; viral e.g. measles, mumps); pathogenic micro-organisms Common illnesses and infections: MRSA infections (Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus); Norovirus infection (winter vomiting disease); Common cold and other respiratory infections;...
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