Causes and Effects of Homelessness

Topics: Homelessness, Homelessness in the United States, Poverty / Pages: 6 (2299 words) / Published: Jan 11th, 2015
Causes and Effects of Homelessness
Tera Penrod
Purpose: To help people understand homelessness.
Audience: Readers interested in learning about some causes of homelessness and some effects it has.

Homelessness is living without a home, be it on the streets or in shelters. There are many causes for people becoming homeless, and the combination of factors that lead to homelessness are different for every individual. Some of the factors that contribute to homelessness for youth, single adults, and families are poverty, domestic violence, substance abuse and mental illness, limited assistance services, and personal choice. The effects are also varied and can pertain to communities, businesses, other people and the homeless themselves. Some of the effects of homelessness are health, personal, families, abuse, and the society.
Although there are many reasons why people become homeless, this paper will only include the top five causes. Poverty is the number one leading cause of people becoming homeless, according to the National Coalition for the Homeless. Poverty is best known as that state of being poor. When people lack income to meet all of their needs, they are forced to choose between housing, utilities, transportation, childcare, healthcare, and food. Nationally, homeless who have been surveyed by the U.S. Bureau of the Census, high proportions of homeless individuals were found to be employed. However, wages are often not sufficient to ensure housing stability and many people do not have jobs that provide living wages, health insurance, or high job security. Roughly half of homeless adults have incomes of less than $300 per month, (National Coalition for the Homeless). A lack of educational opportunities limits access to living-wage jobs and contributes to poverty. Another issue related to poverty is high cost and shortage of housing. It is difficult, if not impossible, for low-income individuals and families to find affordable

Bibliography: About the Homeless: Snapshot of homelessness. National Alliance to End Homelessness, 2011 June 20. Web. 2011 October 1. Why Are People Homeless? National Coalition for the Homeless, July 2009

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