Pre-AP Language Arts
January 15th, 2014
Cause and Effect – A Christmas Carol
In the novella, A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens, there are many things that effected Ebenezer Scrooge’s personality from the beginning of the story to the end. The ghosts of the Past, Present, and Future change his unpleasant behavior In the first Stave of the story, the writer is introducing Ebenezer’s character. We learn that he is unkind to people in his community and his family. Scrooge is grumpy and rude to his employees, and only cares about himself and money. Charles Dickens does an exceptional job of portraying the old man’s persona. The ghost of his partner, Jacob Marley, tells Scrooge that “he has come from beyond the grave to save him from this very fate.” He says that Scrooge will be visited by three spirits over the next three nights. The reader wonders if the visits of three spirits can change his attitude. Throughout the second Stave, Scrooge does slowly begin to change his behavior. For instance, when Scrooge watched Fan visit the boarding school, he realized how important she was to him. Since she is dead, this made Scrooge feel sorry for not being kind to his nephew because he reminds Scrooge of Fan. Watching himself and Fan makes him feel how painful it is to lose one of the few people who loved him. When Ebenezer saw Fezziwig, he said “The happiness he gives is quite as great as if it cost a fortune.”(pg.83) Scrooge was remembering how happy he used to be when he worked with Fezziwig and misses the feeling of cheerfulness. Scrooge used to be content without all the wealth he later gained. Next he watched Belle leave which reminded him that there was nothing he could do to get her back. It was hard for him to watch himself lose yet another person he loved. He then cried because of the overwhelming memories. Watching his past Christmases makes him a bit of a better person. In the third stave, when Scrooge observed the...
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