Cause and effect essay guideline

Topics: Causality, Writing, Pollution Pages: 6 (1667 words) Published: October 21, 2014
CAUSE AND EFFECT

The cause and effect essay is an exploration of the reasons for or results of things or events. This type of essay can include both causes and effects, but generally contains only one of the two. Before Writing a Cause and Effect Essay

1. Choose your topic. Make sure that the topic is not too large or too small. For example, a 500word essay on the causes of World War II will surely not be able to cover all relevant information.
2. Decide whether you want to discuss causes or effects. Often a topic will be better suited to one or the other.
3. Create an outline. This will help improve organization and coherence in your essay. Tips for writing Cause & Effect Essays
1.Make sure your thesis statement indicates whether the essay will discuss causes or effects (or both).
Examples of thesis statements
a) The chief causes of dissatisfaction among the workers in the office where I spent my placement are low wages, sexual harassment and boredom.
b) The beneficial effects of my annual canoe trip include reduced stress, increased fitness, and improved family relationships.

2. What is the order of the causes/effects you are writing about? (i.e. the least important to the most important, or vice versa.)
3. Avoid faulty logic. Make sure that there is an actual link between the causes and effects being presented. (i.e. ask yourself if you have assumed a cause/effect relationship where there is none.)

4. Fully support all your statements. Back up main points with clear examples and facts (statistics or quotations may also be used).
5.

Conclude by re-emphasizing the importance of your main point.

The Writing Centre
Department of English
1

CAUSE AND EFFECT

When moving between causes and effects in your essay, the following transitional words/phrases may be used.
Transitions for Cause & Effect Essays
Transitions for Causes:
is a result of, results from, the reason for, since, because (of), due to, leads to, is caused by Transitions for Effects:
so, so that, so then, a consequence of, consequently, therefore, thus, then, for this reason, as a result
You also may want to use words to indicate the certainty of your statements. Be sure not to overor understate the strength of your arguments. You also want to use words to indicate the level of importance of your points.

Signal Words for Cause & Effect Essays
Degrees of Certainty:
certainly, may, necessarily, perhaps, probably, undoubtedly, unquestionably Levels of Importance:
above all, equally important, finally, first, initially, last, primarily, second, third Consider the topic “Air Pollution in Mexico” as an example What are the causes of air pollution in Mexico? Students in the past have suggested these causes: (1) exhaust from automobiles and trucks

(5) corruption at emission stations

(2) smoke from industry’s smokestacks
drive days

(6) more high pollution as a result of no-

(3) geography

(7) insufficient public transportation

(4) speed bumps
Any of these ideas about the causes of air pollution may be developed into a two- or three-page essay. It would be possible to write about just one cause - the main cause - and explore it in depth. Or, it would be possible to write about the three main causes. On the other hand, what are the effects of air pollution in Mexico? Students in the past have given these effects:

(1) poor visibility

(4) allergies

The Writing Centre
Department of English
2

CAUSE AND EFFECT

(2) headaches
(3) emphysema

(5) runny nose and eye
(6) shorter life span for Mexico’s residents

(7) lower quality of life for Mexico City's residents

(10) destruction of wildlife

(8) necessity to stay indoors

(11) negative world attention

(9) more sitting in front of the television

(12) decrease in tourism

Any of these ideas about the effects of air pollution may be developed into a two- or three-page essay. As demonstrated above, it would be possible to write about just one...
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