English 110 section 10
Cause and Effect Essay
Causes of Road Accidents in Afghanistan
Every day in every part of the world there is a road accident and most of these accidents are very fatal. In Afghanistan the road accidents are much greater compared to most of other countries. Every hour, there are several road accidents and almost majority of the accidents are very serious. Many people die due to fatal accidents in Afghanistan because of lack of experienced drivers, standard roads, traffic control systems and existing of corruption in governmental agencies, are the substantial causes for fatal accidents in Afghanistan. One of the main causes of road accidents in Afghanistan is lack of experience and understanding of rules of driving among drivers. People cannot make enough income to educate. So they seek job instead of pursuing education. Since there are less job opportunities in Afghanistan, it is difficult for people to be employed in companies or organization. And the majority of afghan becomes drivers in young age. These young age drivers are neither careful nor experience compared to adult drivers for practicing safe driving procedure on the roads and highways. There for, several road accidents take place. Apart from existing of inexperience young drivers there is lack of standard roads and highways. During the Soviet war in Afghanistan almost all road were destroyed. After the end of Soviet war, few roads that are reconstructed in past ten years during the new government establishment in Afghanistan. The majority of these roads are damaged because of usage of low quality materials and standards. These roads cannot take heavy vehicles weight and creates ruts, that, causes cars to imbalance when passes in speed. Therefore drivers lose their balance and leads to serious accidents. Road width is also another cause for accidents where the width is so limited for vehicles to overtake. While a driver attempts to overtake, by trying to use the opposite side of the road leads to serious accidents between vehicles. Another major cause is lack of standard traffic control system. These lack of standards increases road accidents in Afghanistan. There are no traffic signals on roads for controlling the traffic consequently it creates rush on the streets. People hurry not to get stuck in rush and get on time to their destination. So people drive fast and since the roads are damaged in every part of streets, drivers steer frequently to prevent jumps and ruts by that means it leads to accidents. There are also lacks of speed control system and traffic guidance signs to alarm the drivers of speed limit in certain parts or areas of city and also inform drivers of certain hazardous areas that causes several accidents. Corruption in the Afghan government is another major cause for road accidents. If there is strong government, there is control on the every governmental agency. Because for driving, drivers should have a valid license to allow them to drive on roads. For acquiring valid license, drivers need to pass certain tests and receive training of safe driving practice on roads and highways. Existence of corruption in government results to acquire a driving license without passing test by bribery or some acquaintance in traffic agency. Consequently people receive their license without knowledge of safe driving and knowing the rules for driving that result in increase road accidents. In conclusion, lack of experienced drivers, standard roads, traffic control system and existence of corruption in governmental agencies in Afghanistan causes accidents and people die. By bringing understanding of safe driving among drivers, constructing standard roads, developing traffic system and bringing integrity and clarity in government can reduce the accident rate in Afghanistan.