Cash Management

Topics: Internal control, Non-governmental organization, Non-profit organization Pages: 58 (18016 words) Published: March 31, 2011
Cash Management Practice
In
Sustainable Land Use Forum (SLUF)

PROJECT PAPER

Submitted to:
The Department of Accounting
FACULTY OF BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS
UNITY UNIVERSITY COLLEGE
As
Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements
for
BA Degree in Accounting
Advisor/Instructor: Dr. G. Satyana Rayana (PHD)

Prepared By:

ZEWDIE MOLLA
(IDEA1/93)
ID No. 1480/94

May 2006

Table of Contents
Chapter I2
1.An over view of Non Governmental Organization2
1.1.In the world2
1.1.1Introduction2
1.1.2History2
1.1.3Evolutionary stages of development NGOs3
1.1.4Purposes of NGO3
1.1.5Methods NGO4
1.1.6Networking4
1.1.7Public Relations4
1.1.8Consulting4
1.1.9Project management5
1.1.10Management of non-governmental organizations5
1.1.11Staffing5
1.1.12Funding5
1.1.13Monitoring and Controlling NGOs6
1.1.14Legal status7
1.1.15Criticism7
1.2In Ethiopia7
1.2.1Country profile7
1.2.2The History of NGOs in Ethiopia8
Chapter II9
2.Literature Review of Cash and Cash Management9
2.1.Definition9
2.2.Reasons for Holding Cash9
2.3.Cash Management10
2.3.1.Managing scarce resources10
2.3.2.Managing risk10
2.3.3.Managing strategically10
2.3.4.Managing by objectives10
2.4.Internal Control11
2.4.1.Guidelines to Achieve Strong Internal Control11
2.4.2.Internal Control for Cash14
2.4.3.Internal Control for Petty Cash14
2.4.4.Internal Control for Cash Receipts14
2.4.5.Internal Control for Cash Disbursements14
2.4.6.Control of Cash through Bank Accounts15
2.5.Cash Budget15
2.5.1.Cash Collection Budget16
2.5.2.Cash Disbursement Budget16
2.5.3.Cash Balance Budget16
2.6.Cash Flow Statement16
2.7.Responsibility for Cash Management17
Chapter III19
3.Organizational Profile of SLUF19
3.1.Establishment19
3.2.Membership:19
3.3.Organizational structure:19
3.4.Vision, Mission and Goal20
3.5.Major area of focus and achievement21
3.5.1.Capacity building21
3.5.2.Piloting21
3.5.3.Networking22
3.6.Coordination and management22
3.7.Funding source23
3.8.Staffing and office facilities23
2Chapter IV24
4.Methodology24
4.1.Statement of the problem24
4.2.Objective and Scope of the Study24
4.3.Significance of the study24
4.4.Method of data collection24
4.4.1.Primary Data24
4.4.2.Secondary Data:25
4.5.Limitation of the Study25
Chapter V26
5.Data Presentation & Analysis26
5.1.Data Presentation26
5.1.1Financial /Accounting policies & procedures related to cash transactions26 5.1.2Audit39
5.2.Data Analysis39
Chapter VI44
6.Findings44
6.1.Positive findings44
6.1.1.Negative findings44
Chapter VII46
7.Suggestions46
Bibliography47
ANNEX49

Acknowledgement
I would like to give my great appreciation & acknowledge to all those who assisted me by providing me with reference books and important advices during the preparation of my project paper. I would also like to acknowledge staff of Sustainable Land Use Forum, specially the executive director, Dr. Habte-Mariam Abate and Ato Haileselasie Tsige (the financial consultant to SLUF) for assisting me in fetching and providing important information. I also would like to acknowledge my advisor & instructor Dr. G. Satyana Rayana for his invaluable technical and professional advice. I would like to extend my thanks to my brother Shewadeg Molla for assisting me in editing this script and formatting the paper. And finally, I am very grateful to all who encouraged me throughout my study period; specially my mother, Lejalem Sinna & my Sister Emebet Molla for providing me with all the necessary facility at home.

Chapter I
1.An over view of Non Governmental Organization
1.1.In the world
1.1.1Introduction
A non-governmental organization (NGO) is an organization that is not part of a government and was not founded by states. NGOs are therefore typically independent of governments. Although the...


Bibliography: • Hall, Rodney Bruce and Biersteker, Thomas. The Emergence of Private Authority in Global Governance (Cambridge Studies in International Relations, 2003)
• Hilhorst, Dorthea
Roelofs, Joan. Foundations and Public Policy: The Mask of Pluralism (Albany: State University of New York Press, 2003).
Ronald W.Hilton, Managerial Accounting, 4th ed., United States of America: Mc-Graw-Hill companies, inc., 1999
• Smillie, Ian, & Minear, Larry, editors. The Charity of Nations: Humanitarian Action in a Calculating World, Kumarian Press, 2004
Stanley B
• Tarrow, Sydney. The New Transnational Activism, New York :Cambridge University Press, 2005
Thomas R
• Ward, Thomas, editor. Development, Social Justice, and Civil Society: An Introduction to the Political Economy of NGOs, Paragon House, 2005
More useful are regional histories and analyses of the experience of NGOs
• Meyer, Carrie. The Economics and Politics of NGOs in Latin America, Praeger Publishers, July 30, 1999
• Abdelrahman, Maha
• Kamat, Sangeeta. Development hegemony: NGOs and The State in India, Delhi, New York; Oxford University Press, 2002
• Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• Campbell, P. Management Development and Development Management for Voluntary Organisations, Occasional Paper No. 3, International Council of Voluntary Agencies, Geneva, 1987.
• Intractable Conflict Knowledge Base Project of the Conflict Research Consortium at the University of Colorado
• 'Sins of the secular missionaries, ' The Economist, January 29, 2000
• Ethiopia – Country Profile 1998, Jos van Beurden, GOM, 1998
ANNEX
6. Balance Sheet as of December 31, 2001.
7. Balance Sheet as of December 31, 2002.
8. Balance Sheet as of December 31, 2003.
9. Balance Sheet as of December 31, 2004.
10. Balance Sheet as of December 31, 2005.
11. Bank statement and Bank Reconciliation for the period ending December 31, 2005.
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