Case Study/Stress Related

Topics: Long-term memory, Memory, Short-term memory Pages: 4 (1169 words) Published: June 2, 2012
PS200-Case study -Unit 3|
PS200-Introduction to Cognitive Psychology Professor Kelly| Ginger Cole – 06-01-2012|

Michael is to 52-year-old male who was referred to me for memory problems. Michael stated that his wife has complained that he has become very forgetful lately. Michael also stated that he feels anxious due to the fact that his wife has threatened divorce, because he works too much and the thought that he may lose his job. He also explained that at times it’s very difficult for him to pay attention in class. He stated that his mind wonders allowing him to remember only main concepts and not the details of material. When an individual is experiencing problems which cause extreme stress and anxiety that Michael is experiencing - it can cause memory loss and what psychologist calls “flowing consciousness”. When an individual receives new information it goes to the sensory memory where it is coded then to the working memory for temporary storage and manipulation of the task. The working memory is a combination of attention, concentration, short-term memory and has a limited capacity (Cowan, 2005). Basic structure and function of memory can be explained through what is called the stage model theory that was initially proposed in 1968 (Mcleod, 2007) The stage model consists of three stages: sensory memory, short-term memory and long-term memory (Clark, 2012). Sensory memory is the first stage of memory. Memories are stored here for a very short time approximately 3 or 4 seconds (Clark, 2012). Long enough for the information to be coded and sent to the short term memory (Clark, 2012). Short term memory is active memory or what you are thinking of at this given moment. It is also called the working memory (Ashcraft, 2001). Long term memory is information that is stored in memory, but mainly outside our consciousness (MRC, 1993). However it can be recalled through our working memory (MRC, 1993). The working...


References: Ashcraft, M. H., & Kirk, E. P. (2001). The relationships among working memory, math anxiety,
and performance
Azar, B. (2011). Amercian Psychological Association. The limits of eyewitness testimony.
Retrieved June 03, 2012 from www.apa.org › ..
Cowan, N. (2005). A Workout for Working Memory.Retrieved June 03, 2012 from www.apa.org
› ..
Clark, D. (2012). Atkinson & Shiffrin - three-stage model of memory (sensory, STM, LTM).
Retrieved June 06, 2012 from donaldclarkplanb.blogspot.com/.../atkinson-shiffrin-three-
Luethi, M., Meier, B., Sandi, C. (2009). Stress Effects on Working Memory, Explicit Memory,
and Implicit Memory for Neutral and Emotional Stimuli in Healthy Men
02, 2012 from www.simplypsychology.org/multi-store.html
MRC (1993)
awareness, and control: A tribute to Donald Broadbent (152-170). Retrieved June
03, 2012 from www.mrc-cbu.cam.ac.uk › ..
Thompson, J. (2000). Common Dreams. I was Certain but I was Dead Wrong. Retrieved June
03, 2012 from www.commondreams.org/views/062500-103.htm
Bailey, R. (2012). About.Com. Limbic System. Retrieved June 03, 2012 from
biology.about.com/od/anatomy/a/aa042205a.htm
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Stress Disorder Case Study Essay
  • Stress Related Literature and Study Essay
  • stress Research Paper
  • Stress Related Diseases Essay
  • Case Study Essay
  • case study Essay
  • case study Essay
  • case study Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free