Case Study of Jim
Abnormal behavior and determining whether it qualifies a person with a mental disorder is complex and incorporates many differing perceptions. No concrete definition is assigned in terming behavior to be abnormal but there are six primary elements recognized. Mental disorders are assigned by professionals according to a classification system. The debate of whether this is the most sufficient system of assignment continues as some argue against the organizational structure based on the history and detail of an individual in classifying them under a label. A case example describing a personality, behaviors, and thought processes of an individual named Jim are analyzed to determine abnormal behavior and mental disorder qualifications. Determining Abnormal Behavior
The case example of Jim is a summary of background information of a male named Jim to analyze how factoring the primary elements of abnormal behavior and the definition given by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (2000) fourth edition, to separate from, and then together, prove the complexity in determining the behavior of a person as abnormal and whether or not it would qualify them for a mental disorder. The Six Elements
Butcher, Monika, & Hooley (2010) outline the primary elements of abnormal behavior as suffering, maladaptiveness, deviancy, violations of standards of society, social discomfort, and irrationality and unpredictability. The elements are premised as a “prototypical model” for a guide and explained that no singular element is sufficient (p. 4). Applying the elements to the information provided, an assessment of abnormality is determined. Jim exhibits behaviors thematic in the elements to maladaptiveness, deviancy, violations of societal standards, and causal for the social discomfort. His behavior meets maladaptive criteria because he is described by others as a ‘loner’, ‘socially different’, misses social cues to cause discomfort for...
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