Air pollution is define as the presence of chemicals in the atmosphere high enough to affect climate and harm organisms and materials. Gaseous or particulate substances released into the atmosphere in sufficient quantities or concentrations to cause injury to plants,animals, or humans. Other sources of pollutants included dust and fine particulate, which were contributed by the inefficiency of diesel-powered vehicles and also the smoke aerosol from fires on Peninsular Malaysia. Meteorological aspects like wind profile, temperature, atmospheric pressure, and others also contribute to air pollution, such as the transformation of emissions into photochemical smog, mixing of the pollutants, acid rain and many more. Although the higher phytotoxic risk was found especially in the southern. Generally, studies have concentrated on those air pollutants typical of the urban and industrial environment namely, nitrogen oxides (NO2 and NO), sulfur dioxide (SO2), carbon monoxide (CO), ozone (O3) and particulate matter (vesilind at al 1988) According to malaysian air quality indices (MAQI) proposed by Azman et al (1994), there are five parameters were chosen for determine air pollution index which are suspended particulate matter with the diameter small than 10 micrometer (PM10), sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen dioxides (NO2), carbon monoxide (CO) and ozone (O3). These studies were carried out to determine and evaluate the concentration of the five air pollutants in several industrial area namely Sepanggar (sabah), Teluk kalung (Terengganu), Nilai (Negeri Sembilan), dan Air Keruh (Melaka). The calculation of air pollution index from the data collected will determined the situation of air pollution in the study areas.
1) Define the objective of the case study ( 3 marks)
To determine the concentration of air pollutants such as sulfur dioxide (SO2), carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), ozone (O3), and suspended particle matter (PM10) in several industrial areas in Malaysia To determine and evaluate the concentration of the five air pollutants in several industrial areas namely Sepanggar (Sabah), Teluk Kemang (Terengganu), Nilai (Negeri Sembilan) and Air Keruh (Melaka)
2) State the problem statement of the case (3 marks)
Improper manage and control of stationary and non stationary emission of air pollutant may cause serious haze and smog phenomena, acid rains, green house effect, transboundary pollution and also aggravate public complaints and health problems Indicate by Malaysian Department of Environment (DOE 1998) that Malaysian urban and industrial areas are increasingly affected by air pollution to a considerable extent 3) Identify importance of stakeholders in this case (3 marks) Malaysian Department of Environment (DOE)
The main importance of the DOE is to prevent, eliminate, control pollution and improve the environment, consistent with the purposes of the Environmental Quality Act 1974 and the regulations there under DOE is also responsible for the implementation of the resolutions decided by the conventions of the international environment such as Vienna Convention for the protection of the Ozone Layer 1985, Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer, 1987, the Basel Convention on the Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Waste and Their Disposal Act 1989 and other areas while the success of programs of bilateral cooperation and multilateral cooperation between Indonesia, Singapore and other ASEAN countries on environmental management. World Health Organization (WHO)
Directing and coordinating authority for health within the United Nations system. It is responsible for providing leadership on global health matters, shaping the health research agenda, setting norms and standards, articulating evidence-based policy options, providing technical support to countries and monitoring and assessing health trends. 4) What are the factors...
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