Case Study Essay: Mexico
Mexico has had a long time issue with its border next to the United States, drug smuggling is one of the more infamous of the issues. But, more often than not when people think of issues with Mexico, they think about the problems with illegal immigrants. Drug smuggling is one issue that greatly impacts both Mexico and the United States and is often hidden behind issues with Immigration. Mexico has been trafficking drugs illegally now since the 1980’s into the United States. Many Americans are aware of the narcotics being smuggled into the United States illegally, but many are not aware of what the drug cartels are doing to Mexico. Mexico has been dealing with the Drug Wars since 2006, a total of 1.6 million people have been displaced and more than 100,000 people have been killed(Wiki). Drug Cartels are a major problem for Mexico, the cartels are hindering Mexico’s development and tearing Mexico apart.
Drug smuggling all began when Miguel Angel Felix Gallardo formed the Guadalajara drug cartel in the 1980’s. Gallardo first began by smuggling opium and marijuana across the U.S. border, but made a deal with the Colombian cartel leader Pablo Escobar to transport and smuggle cocaine as well. In the inception of the drug cartels, Gallardo was the only cartel leader in the 1980’s and he was able to gain control of all of the routes into the United States such as Ciudad Juarez and Tijuana. In 1985, the Guadalajara cartel suffered a major blow when Rafael Caro Quintero the co-leader of the cartel was captured for killing a DEA agent(Wiki). To save the cartel, Gallardo decided to split up the cartel into different sections so it would become difficult for law enforcement to track it. The different routes for trafficking into the United States were split up to different members, Gallardo would remain in power managing the trafficking but now he relied heavily upon other members of the cartel. The death of cartel leaders...
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"Mexican Drug War." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 14 Dec. 2013. Web. 16 Dec. 2013.
"Mexico Drug War Fast Facts." CNN. Cable News Network, 01 Jan. 2013. Web. 15 Dec. 2013.
"Q&A: Mexico 's Drug-related Violence." BBC News. BBC, 25 Nov. 2013. Web. 16 Dec. 2013.
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