Case Solutions For Personality Theories Workbook 6th Edition By Ashcraft
Learning and Applying the Theories
Case Study 1
Use Freud’s states of consciousness and stages of psychosexual development to help explain Hank’s behavior by answering the following questions.
1. What personality (or character) type does Hank display according to Freudian theory?
Provide evidence for your answer. At what stage is Hank fixated, according to the Freudian perspective? Find evidence of fixation in the case study. What would have caused this fixation?
Hank displays the oral aggressive personality as evidenced by his sarcasm and argumentative nature. There is evidence of fixation at the oral stage. It includes his chain smoking, continuous eating, and chewing on his fingernails, and, in particular, eating the ice cream and smoking while thinking about his stressful week. Fixation at this stage would be due to either overindulgence or neglect in feeding during infancy. The case study implies that his mother overindulged Hank by feeding him a bottle often.
2. Would Freudian theory describe Hank’s eating and argumentative behaviors as being internally or externally motivated? Explain the motivation.
Behavior is internally motivated according to Freud. It is due to the libido being cathected to the mouth in Hank’s case. There is also the possibility that thanatos is influencing Hank’s unhealthy habits.
3. Find an example of a Freudian defense mechanism that Hank uses in this description.
Hank uses rationalization as evidenced by him explaining Sally breaking up with him as being due to his weight (and her shallowness) rather than his personality.
4. Find an example of regression in the case study. Explain it.
Regression occurred when Hank would chew his fingernails when he was nervous and eat or smoke when he was anxious. The eating of ice cream and smoking because he was stressed about his work are examples of it.
5. Would a Freudian therapist view Hank’s weight