In the early nineteenth century, animal experiments emerged as an important method of science and marked the birth of experimental physiology and neuroscience as we know it today. It has since become an issue of intense public controversy. Many individuals against animal experimentation claim that animals undoubtedly merit the same amount of consideration and respect as humans and should be treated on the basis of the principles of equality. However, there is significant evidence to suggest that there are some circumstances where it is justifiable to use animals in experimentations. The following paper will briefly identify the animal rights proponents which assert that sentience is morally relevant and that animals and humans should be treated equally, followed by evidence proving that animal experimentation is justified due to considerations taken in terms of costs to animals, ethical and moral rationales and the medical benefits. Animal rights activists continually formulate issues that pertain to animal experimentation with concerns including morality and equality. Activists argue that animals are treated inhumanely. They demand that animals receive the same amount of consideration and respect as humans as laid out in the principles of equality. They also argue that sentience is the only morally relevant characteristic that merits application in this subject. Mark Rowlands an animal rights activist highlights these points in his book “Animals Like Us”. He argues that contrary to dominant view, theories of equality and justice can legitimately be applied to animals and should be. He explains that to treat them with consideration and respect means simply that we give their interests the same weight that we would give the interests of humans. In terms of costs to the animals, professionals are by law required to assess every aspect of them; what could or could not happen and what that means for these animals short term and long term. The Animal Procedures...
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