Case 1.7 Lincoln Savings and Loan

Topics: Audit, Financial audit, Auditing, Internal control, External auditor / Pages: 7 (1735 words) / Published: Jun 29th, 2011
Cas 1) The substance-over-form concept is explained by as a concept in which “the information shown in the financial statements and accompanying disclosures of a business should reflect the underlying realities of accounting transactions, rather than the legal form in which they appear.” They go on to explain that the main point of the concept is that “a transaction should not be recorded in such a manner as to hide the true intent of the transaction.” The concept requires or assumes that someone is attempting to deliberately hide a transaction as one that meets GAAP standards although in reality the transaction would affect the financial statements differently than reported. This form of deceit was used over and over by Lincoln S&L. The biggest example provided was on page 87 concerning the “Hidden Valley” transaction.
The responsibility of the auditor is to first notify their client of this discovery. The auditor should also inform their supervisor and ensure that the transaction and any communication is fully documented. The client should then be notified that the entry should be adjusted to reflect the true outcome. If the client refuses to make this adjustment or provide a sufficient explanation as to why the will not make the change, the auditing firm has a responsibility to themselves and the stakeholders of that company to withdraw from the engagement.
3) An auditor’s examination is affected when a client has engaged in significant related party transactions due to the increased risk of fraud. SAS 45 which supersedes SAS 6 is the source of AU section 334 which discusses “related parties”. This section provides a guideline for auditors to follow so that they are satisfied with the relationship and its adherence to GAAP. Although, “FASB Statement No. 57, Related Party Disclosures [AC section R36], gives the requirements for related party disclosures”, it cannot be assumed that all related party transactions will be

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