Topics: Carpet, Mughal Empire, Shah Jahan Pages: 5 (1892 words) Published: January 28, 2013
1. Introduction to Carpets (unveiling) 
2. The History of Carpets
3. Recent Trends
4. Different types of Carpets and rugs (brief)
5. What are hand knotted Carpets
6. What are Silk Carpets
7. Why are they different from other types of Carpets
8. Process and different stages of making Silk Carpets
9. Changes witnessed over the years (technique, designs, material)

(if time permits)

10. Market percentage of Silk Carpets
11. What changes should be made to improve them
12. What are the challenges faced by the Industry

Carpets in general:
Carpet weaving may have been introduced into the area as far back as the eleventh century with the coming of the first Muslim conquerors, the Ghaznavids and the Ghauris, from the West. It can with more certainty be traced to the beginning of the Mughal Dynasty in the early fifteenth century, when the last successor of Timur, Babar, extended his rule from Kabul to India to found the Mughal Empire. Under the patronage of the Mughals, Indian craftsmen adopted Persian techniques and designs. Carpets woven in the Punjab made use of motifs and decorative styles found in Mughal architecture. Akbar, a Mogul emperor, is accredited to introducing the art of carpet weaving to India in 1500 A.D. during his reign. The Mughal emperors patronized Persian carpets for their royal courts and palaces. During this period, he brought Persian craftsmen from their homeland and established them in India. Initially, the carpets woven showed the classic Persian style of fine knotting. Gradually it blended with Indian art. Thus the carpets produced became typical of the Indian origin and gradually the industry began to diversify and spread all over the subcontinent. During the Mughal period, the carpets made on the Indian subcontinent became so famous that demand for them spread abroad. These carpets had distinctive designs and boasted a high density of knots. Carpets made for the Mughal emperors, including Jahangir and Shah Jahan, were of the finest quality. Under Shah Jahan's reign, Mughal carpet weaving took on a new aesthetic and entered its classical phase. The Indian carpets are well known for their designs with attention to detail and presentation of realistic attributes. The carpet industry in India flourished more in its northern part with major centers found in Kashmir, Jaipur, Agra and Bhadohi. Indian carpets are known for their high density of knotting. Hand-knotted carpets are a speciality and widely in demand in the West. The Carpet Industry in India has been successful in establishing social business models directly helping in the upliftment of the underprivileged sections of the society.[citation needed] Few notable examples of such social entrepreneurship ventures are Jaipur rugs,[17] Fabindia.[18] Another category of Indian rugs which, though quite popular in most of the western countries, have not received much press is hand-woven rugs of Khairabad (Citapore rugs).[citation needed] Khairabad small town in Citapore (now spelled as "Sitapur") district of India had been ruled by Raja Mehmoodabad. Khairabad (Mehmoodabad Estate) was part of Oudh province which had been ruled by shi'i Muslims having Persian linkages. Citapore rugs made in Khairabad and neighbouring areas are all hand-woven and distinct from tufted and knotted rugs. Flat weave is the basic weaving technique of Citapore rugs and generally cotton is the main weaving material here but jute, rayon and chenille are also popular. Ikea and Agocha have been major buyers of rugs from this area.

(Ref : Wikipedia :

Knot density
Knot density is a traditional measure for quality of handmade carpets. It refers to the number of knots per unit of surface area - typically either per square inch or per square centimeter. Number of knots per unit area is directly proportional to the quality of carpet. For two carpets of the same age, origin, condition and design, the one with the higher number of...
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