Carlos Polistico Garcia (November 4, 1896 – June, 1971) was a Filipino teacher, poet, orator, lawyer, public official, political, economist and guerrilla leader. He became the eight President of the Philippines.
November 4, 1896
Talibon, Bohol, Philippines
June 14, 1971 (aged 74)
Libingan ng mga Bayani Taguig, Philippines
Siliman University Philippines Law School
Vice President Carlos P. Garcia was inaugurated as the
8th President of the Philippines upon Magsaysay’s death
on March 17, 1957 at the Council of State Room,
Executive Building, Malacañan Palace. The oath of
office was administered by Chief Justice Ricardo Paras
on March 17, 1957.
PROMISES DURING THE ELECTIONS AND
•Reorienting our national economic policies toward doing first things first
•Must first produce here, by and for ourselves, enough to provide for the fundamental needs of life –food, shelter and clothing •Step up the tempo of establishing the agricultural industries to utilize with the least delay the abundant natural resources
•To generate here the machinery for the entire Philippine agroindustrial structure
•The government will continue its low-cost housing projects and its land redistribution and resettlement program
•We shall pursue out health development activities especially in the barrios and other rural areas
•The education of our youth should henceforth lay emphasis on science, industrial and agricultural technology.
•Together with the increasing material abundance, we need to strengthen our moral fiber.
The main problem that was facing the Garcia administration was the current economic situation during that time. Corruption was also prevalent in the country since he had just inherited the Magsaysay administration. Several cases of corruption were found within he government offices during his administration.
The imports that were coming in the country greatly outnumbered the exports that we were shipping out of the country, making the Philippines highly dependent on foreign products that required dollars to purchase.
Programs and Laws under the Garcia Administration
• The Austerity Program implemented by Garcia in order to court the rampant graft and corruption within the country. The program centered on wise spending industry, and honesty. He also urged people to avoid luxury items and to live a simple life and reminded government officials and employee’s corruption destroys the people’s trust in the government.
•The austerity program benefitted the common Filipino and the Garcia administration, because of the implementation of this program the government was able to regain some of the trust that they lost due to the rampant corruption in the country. While the Filipinos were able to once again trust the Government
Republic Cultural Awards
• The Garcia administration also put emphasis on cultural
revival, due to the colonization of many countries, he felt
that the revival of the Filipino culture was needed. The
award was given to Filipino artist, scientist, historians,
•Filipino artists could now get the recognition for their
works that were left ignored. The main focus of the
society at the time was improving the economy.
Filipino First Policy
• This is the law that was passed by the Garcia administration, to give the local businessmen more priority over foreign investors. The government sector would help local businessmen entering
industry that was filled with foreign competitors, and give then aid, and sometimes, financial assistance. Products of Filipino
businessmen were also preferred over foreign products.
•The people that benefitted from this policy are the...
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