top-rated free essay

Carl Friedrich Gauss

By Cheska204 May 13, 2012 419 Words
Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss was born on April 30, 1777 in Germany, to poor working class parents. His mother did not recorded the hate of his birth, she didn’t even remember the day he was born all she remembered was that it was eight days before the feast of the ascension, which happens 40 days after Easter Gauss ended up figuring out when he was born on his own. Gauss made his first ground breaking mathematical discoveries while still a teenager. He completed Disquisitiones Arithmeticae, his magnum opus, in 1798 at the age of 21, though it was not published until 1801. This work was fundamental in consolidating number theory as a discipline and has shaped the field to the present day. Gauss's intellectual abilities attracted the attention of the Duke of Braunschweig, who sent him to the Collegium Carolinum, which he attended from 1792 to 1795, and to the University of Göttingen from 1795 to 1798. While in university, Gauss independently rediscovered several important theorems; his breakthrough occurred in 1796 when he was able to show that any regular polygon with a number of sides which is a Fermat prime and, consequently, those polygons with any number of sides which is the product of distinct Fermat primes and a power of 2 can be constructed by compass and straightedge. The discovery of Ceres led Gauss to his work on a theory of the motion of planetoids disturbed by large planets, eventually published in 1809 as Theoria motus corporum coelestium in sectionibus conicis solem ambientum (theory of motion of the celestial bodies moving in conic sections around the sun). In the process, he so streamlined the cumbersome mathematics of 18th century orbital prediction that his work remains a cornerstone of astronomical computation. In 1818 Gauss, putting his calculation skills to practical use, carried out a geodesic survey of the state of Hanover, linking up with previous Danish surveys. To aid in the survey, Gauss invented the heliotrope, an instrument that uses a mirror to reflect sunlight over great distances, to measure positions. Gauss also claimed to have discovered the possibility of non-Euclidean geometries but never published it.  This discovery was a major paradigm shift in mathematics, as it freed mathematicians from the mistaken belief that Euclid's axioms were the only way to make geometry consistent and non-contradictory. Carl Friedrich Gauss died in Göttingen, Germany, on February 23 1855. He died in his sleep.

Waldo, Dunnington. Carl Friedrich Gauss. Washington, DC: Mathematical Association of America, 2004. Print.

Cite This Document

Related Documents

  • Carl Gauss

    ...Carl Gauss was a man who is known for making a great deal breakthroughs in the wide variety of his work in both mathematics and physics. He is responsible for immeasurable contributions to the fields of number theory, analysis, differential geometry, geodesy, magnetism, astronomy, and optics, as well as many more. The concepts that he himself cr...

    Read More
  • Johann Carl Fredrich Gauss

    ...Johann Carl Fredrich Gauss Johann Carl Fredrich Gauss was born on April 30, 1777, in Brunswick, Germany. He was an only child, of a poor working class family. He had a harsh father who was a gardener and brick-layer; he was discouraging and discouraged his son of schooling. His father really wanted him to follow in his footsteps instead of att...

    Read More
  • Carl

    ...individuals. This is sense: fear of freedom shapes out personality Three techniques to ward off freedom: Authoritarianism; following someone else to alleviate freedom Destructiveness; destroying symbols of those we perceive to have power Individuation: Rather than fearing freedom, embracing it. This is the only healthy method. Abraham M...

    Read More
  • Friedrich Nietzsche

    ... September 17, 2013 Friedrich Nietzsche Friedrich Nietzsche was a philosopher born in the small German village of Röcken bei Lützen, located in a farmland area southwest of Leipzig, Germany. Nietzsche was named after the Prussian King, Friedrich Wilhelm IV and was coincidentally born on the Kings birthday. According to www.britannica.com ,...

    Read More
  • Gauss & Gauss-Seidel Numerical Methods

    ...Universidad Autónoma de Querétaro Facultad de Ingeniería “Iterative Methods” “Gauss and Gauss-Seidel” Profesor | | Nieves Fonseca Ricardo | Mentado Camacho Félix Navarro Escamilla Erandy Péloquin Blancas María José Rubio Miranda Ana Luisa Abstract Many real life problems give us several simultaneous linear equ...

    Read More
  • Friedrich a Hayek

    ...Running head: FRIEDRICH HAYEK 1 Friedrich August Von Hayek Donotra Woods Post University FRIEDRICH HAYEK 2 ...

    Read More
  • Friedrich Engels

    ...On November 28th, 1820, a man by the name of Friedrich Engels was born in Prussia, Barmen. As the eldest son of Elisabeth and Friedrich Engels, a German industrialist, Engels became a well-known German revolutionist and social theorist. After attending a Barmen elementary school, Friedrich entered Elberfield at 14, and left a few years later. Af...

    Read More
  • carl rogers

    ...Carl Rogers introduced the ‘self-theory’ which shows how the clients viewed oneself and how therapy would help them to change this view (Kleinman, 2012). He was more focusing towards how one can help themselves with goals and less on being diagnosed to which Carl Rogers refer it as ‘fully-functioning person’ where one must be well adj...

    Read More

Discover the Best Free Essays on StudyMode

Conquer writer's block once and for all.

High Quality Essays

Our library contains thousands of carefully selected free research papers and essays.

Popular Topics

No matter the topic you're researching, chances are we have it covered.