Caribbean History SBA

Topics: Atlantic slave trade, Slavery, Africa Pages: 20 (2167 words) Published: September 12, 2014
CXC
CARIBBEAN HISTORY
SCHOOL BASED ASSESSMENT
2013

Candidate’s name: Tazmine Reid-Jones
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Title: To what extent has the Transatlantic Slave Trade Impacted on West Africa and what are the experiences of its victims?

TABLE OF CONTENT

Acknowledgement
Introduction
Research Questions
Rationale
What factors led to the Transatlantic Trade?
How was the trade organized?
How were the slaves treated aboard the ship?
To what extent was West Africa affected by the Slave Trade?
Analysis and Interpretation
Conclusion
Appendix
Bibliography

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I would like to extend a heartfelt gratitude to the following persons who have made the completion of this assignment possible. My Teacher, Ms. Brown, for approving this project and teaching me as I have learnt many things about The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade, the effects it had on Africa and African arrival into the new world. My Mother, who helped me with the collection of data and my friends for the constant reminders and encouragement to remain committed to the task at hand. 

INTRODUCTION
Overview
The Transatlantic Slave Trade, which commenced in 1510, was one of the most important times in the Caribbean history. These were the times where Africans were captured and taken from their own homes aboard European ships to be sold like cattle in the West Indies. It has to be known that just a hundred years ago, our ancestors were enslaved by Europeans and were treated inhumanly. The conditions of the slaves were abysmal; however the Europeans only sought them to be nothing but profit from business trades. The Africans were torn apart from their families without a second glance and were put into an entirely different culture that changed their lives forever. This research therefore seeks to examine the transatlantic slave trade and how it has impacted on the West African society.

RESEARCH TOPIC
To what extent has the Transatlantic Slave Trade Impacted on West Africa and what are the experiences of its victims?

RESEARCH QUESTIONS
Many related key research questions outlined this study, these are as follows: 1. What factors led to the Transatlantic Slave Trade?
2. How was the Slave Trade organized?
3. How were the slaves treated aboard the ships?
4. To what extent was West Africa affected by the Slave Trade? RATIONALE
It has been estimated that over a million Africans died between the times they were captured and forced onto ships. The Transatlantic slave trade impacted West Africa in such ways, it was written into history. Africa, where slavery was practiced for centuries, was a major source of slaves. Between 1550 and 1905, around 18 million black slaves were exported from Africa to countries throughout the Caribbean. The reason for this topic being chosen was to better identify, analyze, interpret and understand how much impact the Transatlantic Slave Trade had on Western Africa. The topic itself was a very interesting one which played a big part for me choosing it.

WHAT FACTORS LED TO THE TRANSATLANTIC SLAVE TRADE?

According to Library Think Quest (2002) the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade was the most abominable and cruel from of slavery, which went on from the sixteenth century to the nineteenth century. The majority of slaves transported to the Caribbean were Africans from the western parts of the continent. They were sold by other Africans to European slave traders for goods who then transported them to the West Indies. The Portuguese, English, French and Dutch all held Asientos, which was a license that permitted slaves to be sold, so that they could bring enslaved persons to the West Indies. There were a number of factors that led to the Slave Trade.

Economic
By this time, the sugar industry was in high demand and the manual labor was lacking. Europeans needed cheap sources...

Bibliography: WHAT FACTORS LED TO THE TRANSATLANTIC SLAVE TRADE?
According to Library Think Quest (2002) the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade was the most abominable and cruel from of slavery, which went on from the sixteenth century to the nineteenth century
Encyclopedia of Caribbean History Vol.3 (Leslie Alexander – 2010)
Geographic
Bristol and slavery, G. Campion (2007)
FLOWCHART SHOWING FACTORS THAT LED TO THE SLAVE TRADE
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