BRIEFLY COMMENT ON THE DEVELOPMENTAL THEORIES OF CAREER DEVELOPMENT. EXPLAIN THE VIEW THAT ‘THE IMPORTANCE OF WORK VALUES CONSTITUTES LINKING GOALS, PROVIDING INFORMATION, AND ORGANIZATIONAL SAVVY.
Developmental Theory by Donald Super.
The developmental theory of career development was founded by Donald Super (1957) and other theorists who recognizes the changes that people go through as they mature. It focuses on human development across a person’s life. According to Donald, career patterns are determined by socioeconomic factors, mental and physical abilities personal characteristics and the opportunities to which persons are exposed. To him, people will seek career satisfaction through the work roles in which they can better express themselves and implement and develop their self-concepts. Career maturity was Donald Super’s main concept in his theory manifested in how people successfully accomplish during the age and stage developmental tasks across the life span. An underlying model of Super’s theory is self-concept—vocational self concept develops through physical and mental growth, observations of work, identifications of with working adults, general environment and general experiences. According to Super’s as experiences increases in relation to awareness of world of work, the more complex vocational self concept is formed. Super’s contribution was the formulation of stages and developmental tasks over the life span. The first stage begins with the growth stage which falls between 14 to 15 years characterized by forming self-concept, developing capacity, attitudes, interest, needs, and general understanding of the world of work. Secondly, the exploratory stage between 15 to 24 years. Here, the individual tryout through classes, work experience, collects relevant information, tentative choice and related skill development. Adding to the above the establishment stage between 25 to 44 years deals...
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