Ans 1) The functions of Nursing and Midwifery board of Australia (NMBA) are stated as follows (Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia 2014); The registration of nurses and midwives and also of the students studying in the fields of nursing and midwifery. Establishing the code of conduct, standards and guidelines for professional midwives and nurses. Assessment of overseas trained nurses and midwives who intend to practise their profession in Australia. Giving approval for standards and accredited courses of study in Australia. Furthermore, in order to define policies, guidelines and standards, the NMBA established various State and Territory Boards that will follow the national board and update and notify midwives and nurses on various registration decisions.
Ans2) National Competency Standards define an effective and a useful framework and criteria for the purpose of assessing and examining performance of midwives and nurses, and based on their performance, which is in accordance with the competency standards, the NMBA awards new license or renews existing licenses of the nursing and midwifery practitioners. These competency standards also assess overseas professional nurses and midwives who are willing to practise in Australia, returning after a break from the practice or have been linked to any matters associated with professional code of conduct (Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia 2006).
Ans 3) Nurses need to maintain a professional code of conduct mentioned as below Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia 2006); Practising their profession in safely and in a competent manner. Abiding by and following the standards of the profession
Maintaining a code of conduct as defined by the law or the legal system Expressing no prejudice on grounds of race, ethnicity, culture and beliefs towards their patients and colleagues and treating everyone with respect. Maintaining high level of confidentiality and privacy for the personal information received. Communicating honestly and transferring accurate and correct information regarding any kind of services or products. Supporting wellbeing of their patients.
Maintaining a relationship based on trust with people they are treating. Building trust in the nursing profession among the people of the society.
Ans 4) Florence Nightingale:
Florence Nightingale as a great reformer of the nursing profession was a strong advocate of thoughtfulness and intelligence the nurses. She believed that nurses need to be alert, observant when treating a patient (Notes on Nursing: What it Is what it is Not 1992). She once quoted: ‘No training is of any use unless one can learn to… think things out for oneself.” She promoted critical thinking with precision among nursing practitioners when treating a patient. Furthermore, Florence Nightingale highlighted the importance of statistical analysis to diagnose issues with the patient’s environment and disregarding the environmental problems, thus establishing a balance between the patient, patient’s environment and the nurse (Summary of Florence Nightingale Theory 2013).
Hildegard Peplau is considered to be a pioneer in the field of psychiatric nursing. She emphasized on subjectifying patients rather than objectifying them and that nurses need to engage in a relationship with patients and uphold its integrity. According to Hildegard Peplau, nursing is a strong therapeutic interpersonal process, which she considered as a major educative instrument that can contribute towards the furthering and progression of each individual and the community at large (Nursing Theories & Nursing Practice 2010) Virginia Henderson:
Virginia is considered to be the modern day Florence Nitingale. She very keenly focused on the practices and the functionality of the present day nurses and the role they play in the healthcare sector of the society (Nursing Theories 2012). She emphasized on assisting the patient to...
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