Capstone Project

Topics: Bacteria, Immune system, Infectious disease Pages: 5 (914 words) Published: December 1, 2014

Capstone Project
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Surgical Site Infections
Surgical Site Infection has a broad spectrum of scientifically attached possible features. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) define it as the infections that take place or occur to the surgically treated site through external effects after the surgery. In the 2010 report done by the CDC where 16 million operative routines were done in a cute center; it was realized that Surgical Site Infections (SSI) were the most usual infections associated to healthcare. This counted to 31% of all the treated patients who were then hospitalized. (Press, 2007) Approaches have been made in coming up with practices in controlling infections. The advances include upgraded ventilation of operation rooms, advancing techniques of surgery, barriers and methods of sterilization and handiness of antimicrobial prevention. Surgical site infections stand out as the major course of morbidness, sustained hospitalization and even death. It has been associated with 3% mortality rate. Surgical sites are wounds that need through care for the required healing. Surgical mortality is contributed hugely by infection of the wound within 30 days after the surgery. Open wounds have a potential of attracting serious bacterial infections. The infections may result to long term disabilities and chronic infections that end up in deaths. The prevention of surgical site infections covers operative techniques that are meticulous. It also involves the administration of preoperative antibiotics in a timely manner and a wide range of preventive measures directed to kicking off viral, bacterial and fungal threats. These preventions are vital both before the operation, within the operation room and during recovery period after the operation both in the hospital and at homes. The main concern in this case is the before and after operation.

Antibiotics
Antibiotics are medications that are commonly used to handling and prevention of bacterial infections. The bacterial infections are the common infections that affect the skin and open wounds. The types of antibiotics are varied depending on the type of bacteria. This is because some antibiotics perfume their mandate well against a small group type of bacteria. Other antibiotics available also are effective in a wide spectrum of dissimilar bacteria. Medical specialists often use available and specified antibiotics for infection treatment to reduce side effects to the lowest level possible. The impression that antibiotics are demanded after the operation room is misplaced. (Rello, Kollef, Diaz, & Rodriguez, 2010) This is due to the understanding that antibiotics are needed only in the operation room and precisely before the operation and not after the operation. The antibiotics may not be commonly use after operation. However, in some cases operations are done in sensitive areas. The areas such as abdomen and artificial implant require use of antibiotic to play an important role in the healing process. In the need of using antibiotics, there are varied issues that must be considered so as to verify the viability. Antibiotic come with a great deal of potential problems which are essential to be known. Some antibiotics are allergic and may cause reactions that can be serious and bothersome. Some antibiotics have side effects such as nausea, diarrhea and rashes. However the most dangerous effects are long terms which result to kidney and liver damage. Antibiotics also do not eliminate all the bacteria hence the remaining ones might develop resistance which may be difficult to handle. It is also important to understand that most antibiotic work in elimination of bacterial infection if they can reach the blood stream. However there are some bacteria which are useful in healthy keeping. Problem and Impact

Surgical infections can be categorized into organ, superficial and deep incisional infections. All...
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