Capitalization Rules

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Capitalization Rules

Capitalizing the first letter of a word indicates the word is being used in a special way. The rules of using capital letters are quite simple:

1. A capital letter is used to mark the beginning of a sentence. Example: This girl is my friend.

2. Capital letters are also used for the first letter in proper nouns. Types of proper nouns are: • People’s name: Tommy Johnson, Barack Obama. • Titles, terms of address: Mrs. Brown; Sir Bob; Lady Jones; Uncle Jim • Towns, cities, villages; roads: Constanta, Bucharest, Iasi, Main street, John F. Kennedy Memorial Highway • Days of the week; months: Wednesday, October • Institutions, organizations, teams, companies, clubs: British Society; Greenpeace; American Red Cross, Disney Company. • Religions, events, public and national holidays: Buddhism, Catholicism, Olympic Games, New Year’s, and Independence Day. • Continents, countries, counties, states: Asia, Romania, Yorkshire, Arizona. • Nationalities and languages: American, Moldavian, Romanian, Spanish, Polish

1. Do not forget to capitalize the pronoun I, even if it’s in the middle of the sentence. Example: He asked if I read the book.

2. Capital letters are very important in a title of a book, a movie, a play, work of art, and songs. There are several words in the title; a capital letter is used for all main content words in the title. Example: The Times, The Secret Garden, Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone, Mona Lisa, My Heart Will Go On.

3. Is necessary to capitalize historical events, official documents and period of time. Example: Declaration of Independence, The Cold War, Stone Age.

4. Capitalize the first word in a quoted sentence. Example: As Abraham Lincoln said, “Four score and seven years ago, our forefathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation.”

Exercises:

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