Capital Structure

Topics: Finance, Capital structure, Corporate finance Pages: 105 (29457 words) Published: August 22, 2013
THE IMPLICATIONS OF CAPITAL STRUCTURE THEORY AND REGULATION FOR SOUTH AFRICAN BANKING INSTITUTIONS

By WESLEY NAIDU

Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree MAGISTER COMMERCII in FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT SCIENCES In the FACULTY OF ECONOMIC AND MANAGEMENT SCIENCES At the UNIVERSITY OF PRETORIA

SUPERVISOR: Prof. JOHANNES HvH DE WET

November 2011

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ABSTRACT The topic of capital structure has been one that has plagued the academic world for a number of years. There have been numerous works published on the subject which have presented such theories as the Modigliani and Miller Propositions, the Trade-off Theory, Pecking Order Theory, Signalling Theory and Agency Cost Theory to name a few. However, little research has been done on the application of these and other theories to banking institutions located in Southern Africa. This adds increased complexity to the determining of a local bank‟s capital structure policy and the difficulty is further exacerbated by the increased application of regulatory control. In the wake of the recent global financial crisis, banking institutions have been placed under the spotlight and their capital adequacy levels come into question. A need was identified to investigate the impact that capital adequacy has on a bank‟s performance and whether it achieves its purpose of increasing stability amongst banks. This study analysed the determinants of the capital structure of banks in South Africa based on secondary financial data and by performing this analysis attempted to establish trends in capital structure policy and regulatory compliance. The study also attempted to identify best practices that contribute to the overall value and performance of the banking institution. The expectation is that the correct application of capital structure theory and compliance with regulations will decrease a bank‟s risk profile and in turn result in a more stable monetary system and economy. Overall, the results of the analysis were inconclusive, but lay the basis for potential future research. Conclusions drawn from the results and literature create greater understanding of the dynamics of capital structure and its implications to South African Banks. KEYWORDS Capital Structure, Trade-off Theory, Pecking Order Theory, Signalling Theory, Basel Accord, Capital Adequacy.

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DECLARATION I declare that this dissertation, which I hereby submit for the degree Magister Commercii in Financial Management Sciences at the University of Pretoria, is my own work and has not previously been submitted by me for a degree at this or any other tertiary institution.

____________ Wesley Naidu November 2011

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS To my wife Vanessa, son Tejendran and daughter Tanishka, thank you for your endless love, understanding, support, patience and sacrifice during my long journey. Without you this study would not have been possible. To my supervisor, Professor De Wet, thank you for your patience, understanding, invaluable input and guidance during this study. Your swift responses and words of encouragement ensured that I persevered.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

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CHAPTER ONE - INTRODUCTION .................................................................. 1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 RESEARCH TITLE ...................................................................................... 1 BACKGROUND ........................................................................................... 1 PROBLEM STATEMENT ............................................................................. 2 PURPOSE STATEMENT ............................................................................. 3 RESEARCH OBJECTIVES / RESEARCH QUESTIONS ............................. 3 IMPORTANCE AND BENEFITS OF THE PROPOSED STUDY .................. 3

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LITERATURE AND THEORY REVIEW ............................................................. 5 2.1 CAPITAL STRUCTURE THEORY...
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