Capital Punishment, Speech

Topics: Death Penalty, Murder, Crime Pages: 2 (1300 words) Published: January 15, 2006
Capital punishment has long been used as a form of deterrent for crime. The first real laws involving death as a penalty come from the first set of written laws, The Code of Hammurabi in 1750 B.C. And also according to the Bible the death penalty was used for many crimes such as murder, Exodus 21:12 to fornication, Deut. 22:13. Later the Greek used an extreme form of law, which was the Draconian Code that used the death penalty for every crime. In England during the reigns of King Canute and William the Conqueror the death penalty was not used, but there brutal forms of interrogation often resulted in death. English law recognized seven different crimes as capital offenses, treason, murder, larceny, burglary, rape and arson, which I believe should all be capital crimes today. Efforts to abolish the death penalty began to build near the begging of the 19th century. Many countries had repealed most of its capital crimes, and several states in the U.S. led by Michigan in 1847 abolished the death penalty completely. In 1794 Pennsylvania first recognized a difference between 1st and 2nd degree murder, were the death penalty could only be invoked when there was premeditation or the accused was in the act of committing a felony. Louisiana was the first state to offer a lifetime sentence in prison as an alternative to the death penalty. Public executions were also commonplace until 1936. And so began the times when criminals didn't really have to fear death for there crimes. The death penalty has been carried out in many ways, most of which are considered barbaric or inhumane by today's standards. Some forms of execution include; boiling, beheading, impalement, burning, crushing, stoning, drowning and crucifixion. During the French revolution, beheading by the guillotine was considered the most humane form of execution; tens of thousands of French people were executed in this manner. The U.S. has had many forms of execution, which where hanging, electrocution, the gas...
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