Capital Punishment Paper

Topics: Death Penalty, Crime, Murder Pages: 6 (1913 words) Published: May 5, 2013
Capital Punishment|
Eugenie Contreras|

As the years go by, we are beginning to realize how the violence in Belize is progressing. As citizens we also realize how the laws are not being enforced and thus further supporting the progression of the violence in our streets. It has come to the extreme that we are no longer able to feel secure in our own homes. Therefore the thought of enforcing Capital Punishment has come about. Many countries in the world have resulted to capital punishment in their judiciary system, and have seen a decrease in their rate of violence. Belize, like many other countries, entails the use of capital punishment in our constitution, so it is just a matter of having a reform in our judicial system and begin to execute this procedure. We need to start thinking about our future as youths and for the future of our children, and in doing so, we need to find solutions for all the crime and violence that is overpowering our society. Capital punishment, as has been proven in other countries, is an effective procedure in decreasing all the corruption in societies. So for us here in Belize, it is just a matter of coming to an agreement and begin to execute a change. The laws need to begin to change now if we want to see a bright future ahead.

Capital punishment, also referred to as the death penalty, is the execution (killing) of a person by the state as punishment for a crime. Crimes that can result in a death penalty are known as capital crimes or capital offences. The term capital origins from Latin capitalis, literally "regarding the head" (Latin caput). Hence, a capital crime originally was to be punished by the loss of the head.  In Phil for Humanity (The Pros and Cons of Capital Punishment), Capital punishment or the death penalty is the act of killing or executing a person, who was found guilty of a serious crime, by the government. These two definitions of capital punishment are quite similar in terms of penalty and the reason for executing the penalty; however, the agent responsible for the execution is not stated in the definition given in Wikipedia Encyclopedia while Phil for Humanity stated specifically that it is an act of the government.  Capital punishment is as old as civilization itself. The earliest historical records contain evidence of capital punishment. It was mentioned in the code of Hammurabi, a collection of laws and edicts by Babylonian king Hammurabi that date from the first half of the 18th century BC. The Bible prescribed death as the penalty for more than 30 different crimes, ranging from murder to fornication “Whoever hits a man and kills him is to be put to death.” (Exodus 21:12). The Draconian Code of ancient Greece imposed capital punishment for every offense. It also existed in the legal codes of the Ancient Middle Eastern Kingdoms.  

Without a doubt, execution is the ultimate punishment for a crime, because there is no repeal from death. An alternative for capital punishment would be life in prison without parole. A lot of nations still perform the death penalty. This is because the debate whether capital punishment is ethical and justifiable is still widely disputed (Phil B.; Phil for Humanity).     For most of recorded history, capital punishments were often cruel and inhuman. Wikipedia Encyclopedia on Capital Punishment listed severe historical penalties which include breaking wheel, boiling to death, flaying, slow slicing, disembowelment, crucifixion, impalement, crushing (including crushing by elephant), stoning, execution by burning, dismemberment, sawing, decapitation, scaphism, or necklacing.  Trends in most of the world have long been to move to less painful, or more humane, executions.  Academics and law enforcers earlier in Europe argued that the death penalty was needlessly cruel, overrated as a deterrent and occasionally imposed in fatal error. Along with Quaker leaders and other social reformers, they...

Bibliography: Capital Punishment Catholic Encyclopedia. (1913)
New York: Robert Appleton Company
Capital Punishment Wikipedia Encyclopedia. 2007.
Wikipedia Encyclopedia Online
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