Capacity Building in Community Engagement and Volunteerism

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TITLE OF RESEARCH :Capacity Building on Community Engagement and Volunteerism in Malaysia Institutes of Higher Learning

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION

Institutions of Higher Learning in Malaysia employ a number of mechanisms to promote community engagement. These include the establishment of the industry and community network division in research universities and Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) in 2007 to accelerate engagement with the community and industry. Ministry of Higher Education (MoHE) has developed a new Critical Agenda Project (CAP) known as ‘Knowledge Transfer Programme’ (KTP). KTP recognises a broad range of activities to support mutually beneficial collaborations between universities, industries and communities (government agencies/Non Government Organizations (NGOs)/public sector). It provides the platform for the exchange of tangible and intangible intellectual property, expertise, learning and skills between academia, industry and the community. The forms of interactions may include joint research, consultancy, education, training, graduate development, conferences, sharing of physical facilities, student internship and staff placements. (KTP Policy, 2011).This move clearly shows that University-Community Engagement is given much importance in Institutes of Higher Learning in Malaysia as well as the government.

Problem Statement

Although there are increasing literature review or review papers on capacity building, there is a need to examine how does the capacity building theorized, developed and applied for sustained change. This is because there are still scarce research on community engagement (Le Clus, 2012) in general and community engagement framework in particular.

Furthermore, there is no guideline on approaches and definitions of university-community engagement. Subsequently, there is a lack of a national framework for university-community engagement and volunteerism in Malaysian Institutions of Higher Education. Not only that,



References: Adams, R., Badenhorst, A., &Berman, G. (2005). The value of performance indicators in supporting a community engagement agenda at RMIT Airhihenbuwa, C. O., Shisana, O., Zungu, N., BeLue, R., Makofani, D. M., Shefer, T., ... & Simbayi, L. (2011). Research capacity building: a US-South African partnership. Global health promotion, 18(2), 27-35. Craig, G. (2007). Community capacity-building: Something old, something new . . .?. Critical Social Policy. 17 (335). DOI: 10.1177/0261018307078846. Craig, G. and Mayo, M. (eds) (1995) Community Empowerment. London: Zed Books. Hart, A. & Northmore, S. (2010). Auditing and Evaluating University-Community Engagement: Lesson from UK Case Study. Higher Education Quarterly: Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Hart, A Holland, B. A. (2009), Will it last? Evidence of institutionalization at Carnegie classified community engagement institutions. New Directions for Higher Education. pp. 85–98. doi: 10.1002/he.361 Holland, B & Ramaley, Judith A Indiana State University, National Communication Association (NCA). (2012). Community Engagement Definition. Available at http://irt2.indstate.edu/nca2010/assets/pdf/se/definitionDoc.pdf KTP Policy. (2011). Knowledge Transfer Programme – KTP. Higher Education Department, Ministry of Higher Education Malaysia. Le Clus, M Stella, A. & Baird, J. (2008). Community Engagement and Inclusion in Australian Higher Education: A Thematic Analysis of Aqua’s Cycle 1 Audits. Australian University Quality Agency, Occasional Publication, Series No 15. Ström, J The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. Definition of Community Engagement. Access- August 2012. Available at http://classifications.carnegiefoundation.org/ UNDP (1991) Symposium for Water Sector Capacity Building Watson. D. (2007). Managing Civic and Community Engagement. McGraw-Hill International

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