The question concerning the eradication of corruption from either the public or private sector has been asked and looked at a countless number of times. But if we look at corruption like a cancerous tumor which encourages a belief that once found it can be surgically removed with no ill effect, it can give us an insight to knowing that corruption can only be eradicated if only we can find the answer.
Corruption can be defined as the abuse of entrusted power for private gain. I believe corruption cannot be prevented as a single behavior or offence. Instead it is more a convenient term for many types or even syndromes of behavior that have in common a breach of a relationship of trust that undermines a specific historical or social institution. Conventionally, the relevant institution for this purpose is understood to be the government or more specifically the public sector.
Some examples of corruption seen in the public sector are listed below;
Bribery: it is the offering, promising, giving, accepting or soliciting of an advantage as an inducement for an action which is illegal, unethical or a breach of trust. Inducements can take the form of gifts, loans, fees, rewards or other advantages.
Embezzlement: this is when a person holding office in an institution, organization or company dishonestly and illegally appropriates, uses or traffics the funds and goods they have been entrusted with for personal enrichment or other activities.
Patronage: it is a form of favoritism in which a person is selected, regardless of qualifications or entitlement, for a job or government benefit because of political affiliations or connections.
Nepotism: this is a form of favoritism based on acquaintances and familiar relationships whereby someone in an official position exploits his or her power and authority to provide a job or favor to a family member or friend, even though he or she may not be qualified or deserving.